In September of 2016, the online journal PLOS ONE reported on a study linking the dietary vitamin C, ascorbic acid, with a reduced risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Scientists at Harbin Medical University in the People's Republic of China looked at hundreds of new cases of Type 2 diabetes. They divided the new situations in the Harbin residents into two groups …
Group 1 – The Harbin People Health Study – a total 178 new cases of Type 2 diabetes were seen in 3483 of the participants enrolled in this study.
Group 2 – Harbin Cohort Study on Diet, Nutrition, and Chronic Non-communicable Diseases – 522 new cases were observed in 7,595 people also enrolled in this particular study.
The results were …
- In the Harbin People Health Study, Group 1, the participants who were found to have the highest level of vitamin C had over 40 percent less risk of developing Type 2 diabetes than those with the lowest vitamin C levels.
- In the Harbin Cohort Study on Diet, Nutrition and Chronic Non-communicable Diseases, Group 2, it was found the participants with the highest vitamin C levels had greater than 20 percent less risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
From the above results, the researchers concluded vitamin C is helpful for lowering the risk of Type 2 diabetes. They suggest it works by reducing both the number of free radicals and the degree of insulin resistance.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps cells to stay alive by keeping down the levels of free radicals. Vitamin C is water-soluble, meaning the body is unable to store it and it must be replenished each and every day.
A vitamin C deficiency can result in a disease called scurvy. Signs and symptoms of scurvy include …
- bleeding or swollen gums and tooth loss,
- a shortness of breath,
- painful joints,
- irritability or unhappiness,
- the presence of bluish-red spots on the skin,
- a poor appetite,
- weight loss.
British sailors were given a derogatory nickname “Limey” when it was discovered back in the 19th-century lemon or lime juice was added to the daily rations of sailors. It was added to the sailor's watered-down rum.
The recommended daily allowance (RDA) for vitamin C is …
- adult men 90 mg,
- adult women 75 mg,
- expectant mothers 85 mg,
- breastfeeding mothers 125 mg,
- all smokers. The same amounts as above plus an additional 35 mg. Smoking destroys vitamins, particular vitamin C and B's.
Foods high in vitamin C. We all know about citrus fruits, so let's look at a few other foods …
- cabbage – 10 leaves 84 mg,
- kale – 1 cup, chopped, 80 mg,
- papaya – 1 cup 83 mg,
- strawberries – 1 cup 85 mg,
- bell peppers, red, – c cup 70 mg,
- broccoli – 1 stalk, 135 mg.