Type 2 Diabetes – A Positive Approach to Treating Diabetes

A negative mindset will impair your ability to reach a goal, any goal, like you would not believe. Planning is the expected part, especially when there is visualization involved. You may visualize how and where you would like to be in six months' time. It may even boost your mood to think deeply about it. Visualization on its own can be mighty powerful. But execution needs to follow. And this is the barrier most struggle to overcome.

It is not that the execution may be painful, but rather the mindset towards it that plays a more significant role.

It is worth repeating a negative mindset and will impair your ability to succeed like you would not believe . Quitting a plan is mostly a decision made after analysis or consideration. Not that stopping is inherently a wrong step to take as is often impllied. Sometimes it is smart to focus your efforts elsewhere.

But if your goal is to successfully treat Type 2 diabetes and ensure your blood sugar levels are maintained in a healthy range – quitting is never a wise decision. And the reason most people stop trying is due to negativity, which is often self-inflected.

If you are aiming to treat or manage this disease successfully, you bought to steer clear of any opinion or belief that hurts your ability to focus solely on succeeding. You need a positive approach to treat blood sugar – one that considers only success and acts according to that end. Remember the consequences you risk by not treating the disease successfully. Consider …

  • the inconveniences,
  • the possible emergencies, and the
  • fact you are setting yourself up for a fatal event, like a heart attack.

Upon consideration of these facts, it is evident you need an approach to treat the disease. Why not devote your efforts to making it a positive one? Realize the basics …

  • eating well,
  • exercising, and
  • controlling your body weight

are the most important steps you can take. So do them well. If you commit yourself to these, that is more than 90% of the work you have to do.

Understand this is all part of a commitment to living a better life – that it is much more than just preventing the complications of Type 2 diabetes. Take pride in working to be healthier. Push through the challenges and pitfalls so you can enjoy seeing the progress you are aiming for. Pushing through the challenges is how you have a positive approach.

Do not dwell on the amount of time it could take, how difficult it can be at times, or the discipline required to stay on track. Do not invite negativity on yourself. If you want to do this badly enough, you will need to hold yourself accountable. Everything else will then fall into place.

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How Common Is Diabetic Retinopathy and How Do They Restore Vision?

Diabetes, as severe as it is, brings with it, a whole other dimension of diseases. Diabetes interferees with the body's ability to use and manage sugar (glucose). This disease is identified by too much sugar in the blood, which spreads damage throughout the body, including the eyes. And, one of them, is the infamous 'diabetic eye disease' or diabetic retinopathy. Here, the damage occurs to the retina due to the adverse affects of uncontrolled diabetes, which may lead to blindness.

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

When changes occur in the blood vessels of the retina, whether they get damaged, may leak blood, or grow feeble new vessels, it leads to an impaired vision. Regular diabetes eye test is necessary in order to identify the disease at an earlier stage. Diabetic retinopathy leads to chronological damage to the retina, the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye, and hence, is considered an alarming sight- threathing complication of diabetes.


The earlier the detection of a disease, the earlier it can be cured. And the case with diabetic retinopathy is the same, consisting of two stages:

1. Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NDPR):

Early stage of the disease, where the body may show mild symptoms, or not show any symptoms at all. Another name for macular edema, a condition where the blood vessels in the retina get weakened and start developing leaks. The blood and fluids leak from the retinal blood vessels, and get deposited into the retina, which leads to retinal swelling. This swelling in the central part of the retina, called macula, in turn, results in reduced or blurred vision.

2. Proliferative Retinopathy (PDR):

The advanced form of the disease, where the retina is depleted of oxygen, due to circulation issues. It refers to the alterations that occur when new, abnormal blood vessels start growing in the retina, and the vitreous, the gel-like fluid that fills the back of the eye. Since, these vessels include weaker walls, they end up breaking or bleeding, absolutely cloudy the vision.

How common is Diabetic retinopathy?

The frequency of diabetes, is ever-increasing all over the world, as a result, the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy is also expected to increase drastically. It is deemed as a leading cause of the new cases of blindness prevalent among the adults. According to the Canadian Diabetes Association, retinopathy affects 23 percent of people with type 1 diabetes, and 14 percent of insulin-dependent people with type 2 diabetes. Lack of awareness, is the key factor that puts people in a grave danger. Where people with type 1 diabetes should have annual screenings for the diabetes eye test , at least after 5 years of the dawn of their disease, the ones with type 2 diabetes should get an examination, at the time of diagnosis itself, and annual examinations at later time. Currently, only about 60% of people with diabetes have annual screening for diabetic retinopathy.

The prevalence rate for retinopathy for all adults with diabetes worldwide is estimated at 34.6% (93 million people), and the one for vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR) is 10.2% (28 million people).

A major risk factor associated with the intensification of diabetic retinopathy, is the duration of diabetes. Gradually, after 5 years, approximately 25% of type 1 patients have retinopathy. After 10 years, 60%, and in 15 years, 80% of people may have retinopathy. Whereas, in the type 2 diabetic patients, the ones in the age of 30-35, who have been living with the disease for over 5 years, it is estimated that 40% of insulin-dependent patients, and 24% of those not taking insulin, have retinopathy. If diabetes has been prevalent for over 18 years, the rates increase to 84% and 53% respectively.

Vision restoration, cure, and treatments

Unfortunately, retinopathy is a chronic disease, and since, can not be cured. But, early detection of the disease, along with effective treatments, including laser treatments, and vitrectomy surgery, can act as the factors to preserve vision.

Laser Treatments

It is the most common and effective treatment for diabetic retinopathy. Laser treatments, are used for both, reduction of macular edema, as well as, for abnormal blood vessel growth. The laser scars the retina, to stop the creation of new blood vessels, and suppress the ones that are already existing. The laser photocoagulation is also used to block the leaking blood vessels, that may damage the macula area of ​​the eye. The foremost objective of the laser surgery is to prevent any further loss of vision, and not restore the vision that is already lost. Laser surgery may performed in the ophthalmologist's office, or on an outpatient basis in a clinic.

Vitrectomy Surgery

This comes to picture, when a hemorrhage occurs, and there is a loss of vision, or when the retina is in the danger of detaching from the back of the eye. In the case of proliferative diabetic retinopathy, vitrectomy surgery is recommended to successfully restore vision. Retina repair is important, in case the tissue has detached the retina from the back of the eye. Surgery is crucial, to avoid blindness or severe loss of vision.

Medicated eye drops, protective eye patch, are used as measures to safeguard the eye, after the completion of surgery, and safe return at home.

Factors including, diabetes control, regular check-ups, and early detection of the disease; play the most important role in preventing vision loss, or damage to the eye. The goal of any treatment or safeguard measure is to prevent the further progress of the disease. And, following the doctor's advice is an essential part of coping with the same.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Physical Activity Fights Diabetes

Exercise dramatically lowers your risk for cardiovascular disease, the number-one killer of people with Type 2 diabetes. Sometimes it pays to take small steps. Although there is nothing wrong with having an ambitious goal, the execution may be daunting if it requires significant changes in your life. One must know how to walk before he can run. Just like a toddler starts with crawling before walking, you too need to take small steps when making changes to your lifestyle.

Like many people with Type 2 diabetes, you probably have the most to gain from being active. If you are currently physically inactive, adding exercise to your regular life on five days a week could be overwhelming. Unless you trust your willpower or you are remarkably disciplined, it is going to be difficult to maintain an exercise program if you are starting from scratch.

It is ideal to learn how to walk before you run which is why there is no harm in easing into a regular exercise program. While going to the gym or working out in some shape or form four to five times a week is the intended goal, you could start with just two days a week. Building up gradually is particularly useful for those who have little to no exercise experience. It is not a large commitment, and even the busiest individuals can find time to exercise on two days a week.

For Type 2 diabetics who are just getting started, it is beneficial to establish a two-month exercise plan. Consider the first month a transition phase, from physically inactive to physically active …

  • two days a week for the first two weeks is fine,
  • you can increase the volume to three days a week for the last two weeks of the month.

Gradually increasing your volume of physical activity is an excellent way to establish the habit while avoiding physical and mental burnout.

Experiment with different exercises during your first month. Running, cycling, walking on an incline, weight training, and fitness classes are all great ways to get fit provided you are consistent.

For month two, aim to exercise four times a week. Now exercising is a habit in your life; it should be reliably easy to make time for your choice of exercise. And since you know it is worth it; you are more likely to maintain your commitment, especially when you see benefits almost immediately. Alternate between your favorite workouts to avoid monotony, challenge yourself in different ways and track your progress. As long as you are eating healthy food, you should start to lose weight as well as become fit.

Once your eating plan is taken care of, there are no limits to what you can achieve. It is never too late to begin a fitness program even if you have never practiced before.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Stomach Surgery for Weight Loss May Protect Against Heart and Blood Vessel Disease

Much has been written about stomach surgery for reducing weight and preventing or treating Type 2 diabetes. Researchers at the University of Rome have found more good news. Their investigation reported in the medical journal Obesity Surgery in November of 2016, linked sleeve gastrectomy, a surgical procedure created as an aid for weight loss, with a reduced risk of developing heart and blood vessel disease.

People who underwent the procedure achieved not only the expected amount of weight loss but also an improvement in the state of their arteries. It was found the carotid arteries which feed blood to the head and brain, had more interior space and were able to open wider after a sleeve gastrectomy. Getting a sufficient blood supply containing oxygen and sugar to the brain prevents strokes.

Sleeve gastrectomy involves cutting away about 75 to 85 percent of the stomach. The result is a much thinner tube that resembles a sleeve. A feeling of early fullness makes it easy to follow a low-calorie diet. The procedure also lowers the release of ghrelin, the hunger hormone. The process can be carried out out laparoscopically, with only six incisions into the abdomen. The surgeon can view the stomach through a laparoscope, a long metal instrument with a light on the end. Making six small cuts instead of one large one minimizes recovery time, blood loss, and scarring. None of the intestines is removed or bypassed, so absorption of nutrients is the same.

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks …

  • bleeding, blood clots, and infection,
  • the leakage of stomach contents into the abdominal cavity,
  • nausea, which can be permanent if there is damage to the vagal nerve,
  • vomiting,
  • a delay in emptying the stomach contents into the small intestine,
  • spasm and pain above the stomach,
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), with sharp chest pain.
  • a fast heart beat.

In July of 2016, the journal Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases reported on a bariatric (weight loss) study carried out at the Cleveland Clinic in the United States. Among 1300 people with Type 2 diabetes having had either a gastrectomy or roux-en-Y gastric bypass, fewer than half of one percent suffered from most major complications. The exception was boring, with 1.7 percent. Both procedures were equally safe. Interestingly, not all the participants were obese. Their body mass indexes, or BMIs, ranged from 25 to under 35. A BMI from 25 to 29.9 indicates a person is overweight, and over 30 is considered obese.

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Type 2 Diabetes – A Healthy Body Leads to a Healthy Life

Despite the diagnosis of over 1.8 million new cases a year in the United States, Type 2 diabetes is not feared as it should be. A survey taken by the ADA and the CDC showed many people were more afraid of snake bites, plane crashes, or cancer.

Someone who is not in good health is putting their well-being in jeopardy, and the side effects could be felt for years. An individual who is overweight or obese for instance may have to deal with much more than just adiposity in the years to come. Type 2 diabetes could strike, and life, as it is known, could be changed forever. Heart disease could develop. A stroke could occur without warning. These are potentially lethal ramifications.

A person who is healthy on the other hand has the odds on his side. While unfortunate circumstances could still unfold, it would take much more to put his well-being at high risk. And the chances are what develop could be more easily managed. For instance, if high blood pressure becomes an issue, a physically active lifestyle may be all that is necessary to bring the reading under control. This is provided the individual is eating healthily. If not changes would need to be made to their eating plan.

Many factors determine whether or not you may be considered healthy. Unless you consult a doctor, opinions will greatly differ. Some will say as long as you exercise, you are doing well. But it is essential not to forget the importance of healthy eating. Also, what is known as vices need to be controlled, before they get out of hand and damage your health in a permanent way. Smoking, for example, can have lifelong consequences, which is not news to most of us. But alcohol can also cause harm to your body. Despite these facts, there are still smokers in our society and those who drink to excess on a regular basis.

You must do what you can to be healthy. Forget what others are doing. And know you do not have to be perfect, either. A healthy body does not require a perfect lifestyle; rather, all it claims is some discipline. You have to eat well most of the time, exercise regularly, and use some common sense. For instance, if you have high blood sugar levels and need to lose weight, it is unwisely to binge on carbohydrates when you know you need to limit them and eat healthy carbs most of the time.

A healthy body extremely leads to a healthy life. And a healthy life is somewhere what you should aim for as your experiences are made much more fruitful when you can enjoy them thoroughly. It is as if the odds are in your favor if you are a middle-aged adult with a healthy body and a healthy life. What can not you achieve? Of course, many things in life are difficult to attain, but nothing worth having come easy.

We hope you make the right decision. Remember you only have one life to live. If you want to make it the best it can be, ensure your health is taken care of.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Does Overdoing Iron Supplementation in Pregnancy Help Induce Gestational Diabetes?

During pregnancy, mothers produce more blood, and naturally, the baby's body makes its first blood supply. Both processes require iron, so expectant mothers have long been advised to take iron supplements. Now a study published in the journal Diabetologia in November 2016, links iron supplementation with Gestational, or pregnancy-related diabetes.

Scientists at the National Institutes of Health and several other research institutions in the United States found women with Gestational diabetes had more iron in storage during weeks 15 to 26 than women with a healthy pregnancy. The more iron was stored, the higher the risk was of developing Gestational diabetes.

Anemia, or low levels of red blood cells, during pregnancy, is dangerous for both mother and baby. Red blood cells carry oxygen to both. The dangers of anemia during pregnancy include …
Baby …

  • anemia in the infant,
  • low-birth-weight,
  • premature delivery.

Mother …

  • a high level of bleeding during childbirth,
  • difficulty with fighting off infections.

Reasons for anemia include …

  • heavy menstrual periods before the pregnancy,
  • twins or a higher number of multiple births,
  • spacing pregnancies too close together, and
  • frequent vomiting.

Signs and symptoms of anemia include …

  • pale skin,
  • tiredness,
  • difficulty concentrating,
  • shortness of breath,
  • an abnormally fast heart beat,
  • feeling light-headed,
  • trouble sleeping,
  • leg cramps.

The need for iron during pregnancy is essential, but many foods supply iron, and mothers who eat a lot of dark green leafy vegetables can already have stored stored iron. Advising women to take iron supplements during pregnancy assumes it can do no harm. The above study indicates too much iron stored in the pregnant mother's body could be just as bad as a deficiency. Gestational diabetes can result in the following …

Baby …

  • overweight or obese infants are likely to become overweight or obese adults
  • a risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life,
  • a fractured shoulder from a difficult birth.

Mothers …

  • an elevated risk of developing Type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years,
  • a difficult natural delivery, or a caesarean section.

If you are pregnant it might be prudent to have your blood tested for severe anemia before taking any iron supplements – slight anemia is normal …

  • hemoglobin, the molecule that holds the iron in red blood cells, normally ranges from 12.0 to 15.5 grams per deciliter in healthy women.
  • during pregnancy, 10.5 grams per deciliter is considered normal anemia.

The mother's body builds more red blood cells, but the liquid part of the blood increases more than the red cells, and this has been found to be normal. Other causes of anemia during pregnancy include …

  • low thyroid function,
  • a vitamin deficiency,
  • kidney disease,
  • an immune disorder.

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Type 2 Diabetes – The Top Brain Boosters to Help Diabetics Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease

If Alzheimer's disease happens to run in your family or you are simply worried about the possibility of contracting it later in your life, there are steps you can take to lower your risk factor. Your diet can have a huge influence. In addition to focusing on eating foods that best control your blood sugar level to ward off Type 2 diabetes, it is also a wise move to focus on which foods will help you sidestep age-related cognitive decline as well as conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. And it is no secret people with Type 2 diabetes have a significantly increased risk of Alzheimer's disease, by up to 65 percent.

Which foods are best? Let's look at the top brain boosters …

1. Salmon. Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are a critical nutrient for lower infection in the body, you will not go wrong with salmon. It is an excellent source of protein as well so should be the main component of one of the meals in your diet plan.

Try it grilled, baked, or even smoked if you prefer. Just note smoked salmon is often higher in sodium content, so save it for special occasions.

2. Blueberries. Blueberries are next up on the list of best brain-boosting foods. High in polyphenols, this berry has the potential to combat brain related oxidation and adverse side effects.

Blueberries are also rich in dietary fiber, so will help keep cholesterol levels in check, which can help prevent a stroke as well. Serve some blueberries …

  • over a morning bowl of oatmeal,
  • added to your smoothie, or
  • simply eaten on their own as a quick and light snack on the go.

3. Eggs. Most people do not think of eggs as healthy as they see them as a food high in cholesterol. But, provided you have no current health problems, one egg each day is a safe and healthy addition to your diet plan.

Additionally, eggs also have a healthy dose of choline, which is a nutrient that can help affect your mood. You might just find after eating an egg for breakfast, you start your day in a better mood and have fewer depressed feelings.

It is an ideal food to give your mind a healthy jump-start.

4. Beets. Finally, the last food you will want to consider eating is beets. Beets are often shunned as they are not the best tasting food around, but do keep in mind beets are a terrific option because they are going to increase the levels of nitric oxide in your body. Nitric oxide is a compound that brings about vasodilation.

Vasodilation means more blood flow is getting to your brain and body, so keeping your brain in a healthier state. When your brain is not getting enough oxygen, feelings of fatigue and sluggish thinking can occur, potentially setting you up for brain-related problems down the road. A steady supply of oxygen is vital to brain health long-term.

There you have a few of the best mind boosting foods to help reduce your risk of Alzheimer's disease and keep you as healthy as possible. Make sure you are taking steps to include them in your diet.

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Type 2 Diabetes – So You Have Diabetes!

Type 2 diabetes warrants caution and concern for several reasons. If you are not bothered by a diagnosis of this disease, it is inadvertently you will do what it takes to lower your blood sugar, lose weight and reverse your diagnosis. It is better to be anxious about your diagnosis than it is to be indferent. If you have Type 2 diabetes, it should come as no surprise lifestyle has a significant impact, especially on your blood sugar control.

No one can be forced to treat their Type 2 diabetes. If you have received a diagnosis and you decide not to treat your condition, know you are acting as though you are willing to accept the high possibility of developing adverse complications. Type 2 diabetes represents the end of a long road where insulin resistance or decreased insulin sensitivity together with the inability to make sufficient insulin contribute to the rise in blood sugar levels. While this does not sound positive, there is one thing we must say about diabetes. Despite what it usually involves Type 2 diabetes is NOT the end.

For many it may feel like having Type 2 diabetes is the end of the world. Suddenly things are not as simple as they once were …

  • you may have to rely on blood sugar medications and test your blood sugar levels often.
  • you may deal with some of its common complications, like tingling in your feet and blurred vision.
  • frequent trips to the bathroom are not only an inconvenience but are potentially a sign you are dehydrated, and the well-being of your body is being affected.

In short, there is plenty to be worried about if you have Type 2 diabetes. But it would be a profound shame if you allowed it to make you feel hopeless. Surrendering to any disease is not a logical solution and one you could seriously regret if the damage becomes irreversible.

It bears repeating a Type 2 diabetes diagnosis is not the end. There is plenty you can do …

  • regardless of your age,
  • how long you have had raised blood sugar, or
  • how overweight you may be.

Even if you are unable to regain the health and vitality you had in your early twenties, any improvement you make would not be in vain. There is nothing more important than your health – what is the point in having incredible wealth if you are unwell and unable to enjoy it with your loved ones? Do not take your health for granted, and make a choice to turn a health crisis into an opportunity.

Make no mistake diabetes can be treated successfully. Studies in recent years have clearly shown weight loss, achieved in several ways, can make Type 2 diabetes much less severe and can even help it to disappear.

So get to it. The choice, however, as always, is yours.

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How to Use Meal Timings to Stabilise Your Blood Glucose

The best and safest way to beat type 2 diabetes is to eat foods that are low in sugar, low in fat, low in salt, and high in fiber. Your diet should consist mainly of natural foods (rather than processed foods) that are digested slowly. You should also avoid eggs and dairy products (milk, cheese, yoghurt etc) and wash your meals down with plenty of water.

This diet is simple and easy to follow.

But, no matter what diet you are on, after a meal your blood glucose level will rise to a peak as your food is digested and then drop back to the level it was before you began eating. Ideally it will rise and fall gradually rather than spiking quickly when you have finished eating.

Beating diabetes means stabilizing your blood sugar levels so that you do not experience high peaks after your meals. You can avoid these spikes by following the Beating-Diabetes diet.

In order to ensure that your diet is effective in controlling your diabetes you must monitor your blood glucose level two hours after each meal to ensure that it has dropped back to its normal level. You should also check it first thing in the morning.

If you do not monitor your blood glucose levels closely, you can never know how effective your diet is.

Beside monitoring, you also need to control the timing of your meals.

Timing your meals properly makes your diet even more effective.

Here are five tips on how to time your meals effectively:

  • Eat breakfast
  • Eat for work
  • Eat little but often
  • Before and after exercise
  • No late-night snacks

Eat breakfast

Always … every day … without exception

If you do not eat breakfast, your blood glucose levels may drop excessively low later in the morning. Should this happen, hormones will begin releasing stored glucose into your blood stream which will spike your numbers.

Skipping breakfast can also backfire in other ways. You may, for example, find yourself eating sugary or starchy foods when hunger overtakes you. Or you will be so hungry when finally you start eating that you overeat.

If you are strapped for time … which you can by getting up early enough for breakfast … eat some whole-wheat toast with peanut butter or a similar combination that balances a high fiber carb with a plant protein.

Eat for work

Think about where you are most active, at work and play, during the day. This will tell you when you should eat your main meals.

In other words, to help stabilize your blood glucose levels, you should eat the majority of your calories when you plan to use them.

Normally this would mean eating a larger breakfast and smaller and smaller meals as the day goes on, finishing up with a light dinner … or, as the old adage says … breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince, and sup like a pauper .

Eat little but often

Volume, the amount of food you eat at one sitting, affects your after-meal blood glucose levels. This is because your stomach starts digesting as much as it can as soon as you have swallowed your food.

For this reason, a good way to keep your blood glucose stable throughout the day is to eat smaller meals but often … so avoiding dramatic peaks in your blood sugar levels.

The trick is never to eat so much that you feel over-full when you have finished. You should also start your next meal before you feel you are starving.

Before and after exercise

Regular exercise is a great help in regulating blood glucose levels.

For normal easy-on-the-body physical activities, such as walking or gardening, extra food is not really required before or after exercising.

But if you go in for intensive physical workouts that are more than an hour long, you may need to eat something before and after your exercise sessions to avoid having your blood glucose level drop too low.

The question is … how much should you eat?

Everyone's body is different, so your answer can only be found by trial-and-error.

You can find out what suits you best by checking your blood glucose levels before, during and after a workout. After a few sessions you will have a good idea as to how your levels are reacting to the exercises you are doing.

If you find that your sugar level is getting too low during your exercise routines, eat a small snack such as a banana.

No late-night snacks

Eating before you go to bed can raise your blood glucose levels during the night and in the early morning.

In addition, eating heavy foods before going to bed can give rise to disturbed sleep patterns which can, in turn, affect the regulation of your hormones.

That said, there are times when you need to eat before going to bed … where, say, you are on medicines that must be taken with food or you have other medical conditions.

But as a general rule you should avoid late night eating.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Does Interval Training Help to Treat and Control Blood Sugar Levels?

Physical activity is important for effectively stimulating Type 2 diabetes and the relevant increase in blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, about two-thirds of people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes feel that they lack time to exercise as much as they have been advised to. One scientist at Kohnodai Hospital in Chiba, Japan, may have the answer.

According to the Current Diabetes Review for November of 2016, Dr. H. Hamasaki reviewed eight studies showing exercising for short intervals through the day is also an excellent way to help control high and unstable blood sugar levels. Dr. Hamasaki warns little is known about the safety of interval training in people who have received a diabetes diagnosis and find they also have heart and blood vessel disease. Interestingly, the studies reveal some differences. Recommending a particular form and duration of interval training for high blood sugar levels is not yet feasible, and the investigator suggests more research is warranted.

Speaking of heart and blood vessel disease research at the University of British Columbia and Kelowna General Hospital in Canada shows resistance-based interval exercise is good for blood vessels in people with Type 2 diabetes. In November of 2016, the American Journal of Physiology Heart Circulation Physiology reported interval exercise improves blood vessel function: at least for a short time. Twelve Type 2 diabetic participants were randomly assigned to perform …

  • cardiovascular interval training or
  • resistance interval training or
  • to sit still.

Blood vessel function in the arms improved in both the cardiovascular interval training group and the resistance interval training group compared with the sitting participants.

Cardiovascular or aerobic training is designed for fitness. Fitness is defined as the maximum amount of oxygen the body can take in and use during physical activity. Activities that put us into motion making our pulse and breathing faster are aerobic or cardiovascular. Resistance activity, or muscle training, consists of moving against an opposing force.

Examples of cardiovascular training for a short time include …

  • walking from the parking lot to the building,
  • dancing around the living room, or
  • cheering on your team.

Examples of muscle training for short intervals are …

  • carrying groceries,
  • rearranging furniture, or
  • lifting small children

As Dr. Hamasaki mentioned, how much and how intense interval training should be is not yet defined. Before starting an exercise program, see your doctor for a checkup. If you feel chest pain or any other discomfort, stop your activity and call your doctor or first responders immediately.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Will a Diabetes Diagnosis Reduce Your Life Span?

No-one wants to think about rising blood sugar levels and weight gain, especially when you are reliably young. It's rare to find young adults in their 20's or 30's who are mindful of their blood sugar unless they have had a condition such as Type 1 diabetes since their younger years. But these days it is less common to see people with Type 1 diabetes especially when you compare the numbers to Type 2 diabetes. Both are a severe condition, but Type 2 is more common in our society. While Type 1 is an autoimmune disease, Type 2 which has usually been seen in adults, is now found increasingly in the young population. The genesis of this form of diabetes is insulin resistance.

On a positive note, diabetes management has never been better. Thankfully, the majority of diabetics can be looked after and live well despite their condition: This goes for both types of diabetics. But we must focus on those with Type 2 diabetes because it is by far the most troublesome disease. Itsvalence is catastrophically high around the world, and its incidence continues to rise.

The growth in numbers can be attributed to the poor lifestyle led by so many. A poor lifestyle helps to facilitate the development of insulin resistance. When you …

  • are eating unhealthy and fattening foods,
  • become overweight, and
  • are physically inactive,

it is a fact your blood sugar levels are not going to end up being in a healthy range. Combine an unhealthy weight with elevated blood sugar, and you have the recipe for Type 2 diabetes.

Even though many people live well despite their condition, the fact it affects your life expectancy should not be overlooked. A shortened life span is one of the consequences posed by Type 2 diabetes: consistently high and unstable blood sugar causes internal damage to the point your health begins to deteriorate. Slowly but steadily your well-being is impaired. While your body can cope with a lot of the harm it suffers, there is a limit to how much it can tolerate over the years …

  • cardiovascular disease could begin to unfold,
  • nerve damage accumulates, and
  • high blood pressure starts to take its toll.

Sooner or later, you could suffer a lethal complication, and pass away sooner than you would have otherwise.

It is our hope people with Type 2 diabetes can live healthier lives similar to nondiabetics. But this is wishful thinking at best. It is known diabetes reduces the average adult's lifespan by 8 to 10 years. While it is no guarantee Type 2 diabetes would cause an early death if high blood sugar levels remain untreated, we think you would agree the risk is not worth taking.

Type 2 diabetes is a treatable disease. The disease can be reversed to the stage no medications are required and is controlled by a healthy eating plan and exercise. It might not be easy, but many adults have done it. You could do it too! But as always, it is up to you to decide: nobody is going to do the work for you.

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Useful Information About Diabetes

In the United States alone, there are 18. 2 million people living with diabetes. While another 13 million people are already diagnosed with diabetes.

About Diabetes:

Diabetes comes from the Greek word 'Diabeinin'. That means 'To pass through' talking about copious urination, and Mellitus from your Latin word meaning 'Sweetened together with honey'. These two terms signify sweetened urine or perhaps sugar in urine.

Diabetes is a disease when the body does not generate or properly use Insulin. Insulin is a hormone which controls the rate at which starch, sugar and other food are changed into glucose. An organ called pancreas produced and released the hormone into the blood. Insulin helps to maintain the blood glucose level within a normal range.

After having a meal the liver stores the glucose from the meal as glycogen and releases it into the blood in between meals. Role of insulin is the control of this storage and release of glucose. It ensures that the amount of glucose in the blood at each particular time does not go beyond or below the normal range.

Types Of Diabetes:

According to the World Health Organization, 5 classes of diabetes are recognized.

These are:
1. Insulin Dependent Diabetes or Type I Diabetes
2. Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes or Type II Diabetes
3. Gestational Diabetes
4. Diabetes Insipidus
5. Bronze Diabetes

1. Insulin Dependent Diabetes or Type I Diabetes: Type One attacks children and young adults and is characterized by the pancreas which failing to produce insulin, which is a hormone that breaks down sugars and starch while converting them into energy.
2. Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes or Type II Diabetes: Type Two occurs later in an adult's life and is characterized by the pancreas being unable to produce enough insulin due to several factors.
3. Gestational Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and disappears after delivery, within 3 weeks. An estimated 3% of all pregnancies are accompanied by gestational diabetes and nearly half of these patients are prior to developing permanent diabetes later in their life.
4. Diabetes Insipidus: Diabetes insipidus is a rare disorder where the body used the system to regulate its water levels becomes disrupted.
5. Bronze Diabetes: Bronze diabetes is a genetic disorder caused by an over storage of iron in the body which leads to organ damage, including damage to the pancreas that causes the patient to develop diabetes.

Cause Of Diabetes:
No clear cut cause is usually attributed to the most prevalent type of diabetes. Some factors are able to increase one's chances of getting diabetes and these may be called risk factors. Some factors are given below:

Obesity: Nearly three quarters of almost all Type II diabetes affected persons are obese. So, obesity may be a cause of getting diabetes.

Family History: A family history of this disease increases one's chances of getting the disease.

Lack of sufficient exercise: Insufficient and irregular exercise may increase chances of becoming diabetic.

History of Gestational Diabetes: In this case, a woman also increases her likelihood of developing permanent diabetes later in life.

Tests Help Diagnose Diabetes:

There are two, main tests used for determining if or not a person has glucose intolerance:
1. Fasting Plasma Glucose Test
2. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

Preventing Diabetes:
Diabetes has no permanent cure once it develops, it is managed all through life. But you can prevent ever falling into this life long pain.

The following tips may help to reduce diabetes risk.
1. Do sufficient exercise.
2. Reducing body weight as well as fat and maintaining a typical body weight is really essential. So, decrease weight.
3. Choose whole grains and whole grain products over highly processed carbohydrates.
4. Skip the sugary drinks, and choose water, coffee, or tea instead.
5. Choose good fats instead of bad fats.

6. Limit red meat.
7. Choose nuts, poultry, or fish.
8. Cigarette smoke contains several poisonous substances. So, stop smoking.
9. Reduce salt intake.
10. Monitor your blood sugar level.

Some changes in lifestyle, such as regular exercise, maintaining a moderate body weight, reduction of fat intake and high fiber diet all help to live a normal healthy life. These measures are recognized to increase insulin sensitivity as well as reduce blood pressure.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Can Low-Carbohydrate Meals Lessen the Chance of Developing Diabetes?

Insulin resistance is the hallmark of Type 2 diabetes. The pancreas makes an average or above average supply of insulin but it can not effectively do its job of helping sugar enter the cells to make energy. Too much insulin resistance, abnormally high insulin levels, and high blood sugar levels in healthy people can put them at risk for developing full-blown Type 2 diabetes.

According to the online journal PLOS ONE, October 2016, healthy people can lower their insulin resistance by eating low-carbohydrate meals. Scientists at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, United States, studied four groups of eight healthy women who had passed menopause. Each participant was given three meals, and her insulin resistance was measured.

Women eating three low-carbohydrate meals reduced their evening insulin levels by 39 percent, meaning their insulin resistance level was lowered. After physical activity, they reduced their insulin levels by 31 percent. Insulin resistance measured directly shown …

  • a 37 percent reduction after the third low-carbohydrate meal and
  • a 24 percent reduction after exercise.

Exercising before meals tend to raise evening blood sugar levels. It was also thought exercising before meals raised the insulin levels by inhibiting normal signs between rising blood sugar levels and the pancreas. Anyone can develop Type 2 diabetes. The following is a list of factors increasing the risk …

  1. Age – being over 45 puts people at a greater risk, although anyone, no matter their age, including children, can develop the condition.
  2. Being overweight or obese – height-to-weight ratio is critical. Body mass index (BMI) should be maintained between 18.5 and 24.9.
  3. Family history – having a mother, father, sister, or brother with Type 2 diabetes means one can carry the gene for the condition
  4. Leading a sedentary lifestyle – sitting in front of a computer or television all day is unhealthy for the entire body.
  5. Race – Native Americans, Samoans, Hispanics, and Blacks tend to be at high risk for reasons not yet understood.
  6. Prediabetes – fasting blood sugar levels of 100 to 124 mg / dL (5.5 mmol / L to 7 mmol / L) is abnormally high.
  7. Gestational diabetes – having diagnosed diabetes for the first time during pregnancy raises the mother's risk of developing full-blown Type 2 diabetes during the next 5 to 10 years.

Prevention is possible. Let's hear it for following a low-carbohydrate vegetarian eating plans three times a day. With that and the old standbys: lean weight and regular physical activity, lowering the risk of Type 2 diabetes is a realistic goal.

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6 Symptoms Not to Ignore If You Have Diabetes

Diabetes is becoming a leading threat across the globe than any other disease. Changes in lifestyle and food choices are said to be the known reasons for diabetes. But what is the primary reason for this disorder to become dangerous is not entirely understood by many people. It depends on how much the body of the person is affected and that makes the disease fatal or gruesome. Yes, not keeping the glucose levels under control is the sole reason why you suffer from diabetes and its complications. So, it is essential to identify the symptoms in the first place. Diabetes symptoms can be confused with the rest of the diseases, but here are a few signs that you should never give a miss.

1. Unquainted thirst
Thirst is the signal your body gives when it needs water. Drinking water should quench it, and if you are not getting satiated with the amount of water you drink, then it means there is an undering problem. The kidneys do more work when the sugar levels are high. They need to filter the excess sugar, and when they do it regularly, they need more water, which is why you are always thirsty. As you drink more water, you also face the other symptom of urinating frequently.

2. Losing weight
Initially, you would be happy to see a slimmer version of you in the mirror. But, this is a reason to worry, unless you diet or do intensive workouts. When urination is frequent, calories are lost faster. This is why you lose weight. If you are shedding 5 to 10 kg in a week, then it is an alarm that you are affected by diabetes.

3. Blurry vision
You would not feel like noticing blurred sight until you are affected by it severely. But, you can not afford to neglect this symptom as it can affect your eyesight in the long run. The tissues in the eyes are filled with fluids. They are dropped when the diabetes levels go high. The fluid levels when change can result in blurred vision.

4. Fatigue
When the sugar does not reach the cells, they starve. The inconsistent sugar levels should be compensated because of this. This means that the body will feel tired excessively. This is why you need to go for sugar test.

5. Pain in the leg
The peripheral arterial disease can be the reason. The blood vessels would have been narrowed and clogged. This means the blood flow becomes less, and a pinching sensation can be experienced when the blood flow occurs. This is because the oxygen-deprived muscles start moving when there is a flow of blood. This is why you might feel a tingling sensation or a cold feeling in the feet. This is also the reason why you get the ache in the legs.

6. Fruity mouth odor
Does your scent smell fruity? This is because your body does not get energy because of heightened sugar levels, and fat is burned to compensate it. This results in the production of ketones, and your breath is fruity.

Also, you may feel burned out or depressed because of the high sugar levels. So, when you get these symptoms contact the doctor immediately. Also, you need to concentrate on eating food for diabetes and doing mild exercises.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Stable Blood Sugar Levels Helps to Optimize Fine Motor Skills

According to a study reported on in June of 2018 in the medical journal Psychiatry Research and Neuroimaging, keeping blood sugar levels in a healthy range is one way to protect a person's fine motor skills. Scientists at the Australian National University in Canberra and the University of New South Wales in Sydney found people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes had poorer motor motor skills than the individuals who had normal healthy blood sugar levels, due to changes that had taken part in their brain .

Their study included 271 individuals with normal brain function. Their average age was 63 at the time of enrollment …

  • a total of 173 had normal fasting blood sugar levels,
  • 57 had slightly elevated levels, and
  • 41 had Type 2 diabetes.

The participants with Type 2 diabetes had lower scores on a test of fine motor skills and smaller areas of the brain known as the putamen than the individuals with lower blood sugar levels.

The researchers agreed higher blood sugar levels damage the brain structure and function.

The putamen is involved in planning and executing movements. People diagnosed with Parkinson's disease have damaged putamens, causing tremors and difficulty with voluntary movements. Anyone who has a stroke affects the right side of the brain, where the putamen is located, can have trouble with motor skills, often moving slowly on the left side of their body.

The Purdue pegboard was used to assess motor skills. It was developed to monitor the skills necessary for assembly work. It measures dexterity in the arms, hands, and fingers, and consist of handling pins, cups, and washers according to instructions.

For some time high blood sugar levels have been known to affect the thinking part of the brain as well. Too much sugar damages the blood vessels through the entire body, including the brain's white matter where thoughts are transmitted. A condition called vascular cognitive impairment or dementia can result, causing problems in thinking. Alzheimer's disease is more common in people who have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes than in healthy individuals with healthy blood sugar readings.

In 1983 in Diabetes Care, the journal of the American Diabetes Association, a study was reported on where both fine motor and thinking skills were impaired at abnormal blood sugar readings, including both high and low levels. And in 1998 the Archives of Disease in Childhood, Fetal and Neonatal Edition, reported on a further study demonstrating poorer scores on tests of motor activity, attention, and hyperactivity in children of diabetic mothers.

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