Type 2 Diabetes – Low Blood Sugar in Older People

The human brain is rich in nerve cells and is the most energy-demanding organ in our body. Our brain uses half of our body's sugar energy. Thinking, memory, and learning are linked closely to your sugar levels and how efficiently your brain uses this source. When blood sugar levels go extremely low, as in poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes, brain damage can result. Older adults are especially vulnerable.

Johns Hopkins University and the University of Chicago in the United States reported their findings in June of 2018 in the medical journal Diabetologia. A total of 3.1 percent of 2001 participants, with an average age of 76, had a history of severe low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). The participants who had suffered several episodes of hypoglycemia had more than twice (2.34%) the risk of developing dementia as those with better sugar control. MRI's taken of the brain showed those people who had a history of hypoglycemia also averaged a lower than usual brain size.

Researchers continued to follow 1263 of the participants and found …

  • low blood sugar levels were linked with new cases of dementia and
  • the participants who had accidents of severe hypoglycemia were more than twice (2.54%) more likely to develop new cases of dementia.

The investigators concluded there is a definite link between extremely low blood sugar and dementia. They suggest adults who are at high risk for developing dementia discuss which Type 2 diabetes medications are safest for preventing hypoglycemia …

  • normal blood sugar levels range from 70 to 99 mg / dL (3.9 to 5.5 mmol / L) for healthy individuals on awakening.
  • two hours after meals blood sugar levels should not be above 140 mg / dL (7.8 mmol / L) in non-diabetic individuals.

Some people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, are used to having blood sugar levels that would have been considered abnormal for healthy people, so they need to discuss their lab work with their doctor.

Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar level are …

  • shakiness,
  • nervousness or anxiety,
  • sweating, chills, clammy skin,
  • feeling irritable,
  • feeling confused,
  • having a fast heartbeat,
  • experiencing lightheadedness or feeling dizzy,
  • hunger or nausea,
  • sleepiness,
  • blurred vision,
  • tingling or numbness in your lips or tongue,
  • a headache,
  • weakness or tiredness,
  • anger, stubbornness, or sadness,
  • lack of coordination,
  • nightmares or crying out during sleep,
  • seizures,
  • unconsciousness.

When hypoglycemia strikes, it is essential to treat it quickly. Always carry food for emergencies. A tube of cake icing, a cup of milk with a tablespoon of sugar, or fruit juice will put sugar back into the blood quickly. Then call your doctor's office.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Prevent Severe Injuries to Help Avoid Developing Necrotizing Fascitis

According to an article published in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology Metabolism in September and October 2016, the following issues raise the risk of a severe form of infection called necrotizing fasciitis …

  • poorly controlled blood sugar levels,
  • an infection with more than one species of bacteria,
  • amputation, or
  • a delay in getting help

Necrotizing referers to dying. Fasciitis is the inflammation of fascia, a covering under the skin. The problem can occur in many parts of the body, but the study was limited to hand infections. Scientists working at Christian Medical College in Tamil Nadu, India, compared twenty-three cases of necrotizing infections of the hands with sixteen participants with other types of infection …

  • 13 or 52 percent of the participants with necrotizing fasciitis, were infected with more than one kind of bacteria, and
  • 9 of the participants had only one type of bacteria, and
  • 3 did not show bacterial infection.

The participants diagnosed with necrotizing fasciitis had HbA1c levels averaging 10.83 percent, while those without the disease averaged 8.64 percent. The participants detected as having necrotizing fasciitis had longer hospital stays than those with milder infections. It was found of the seven participants who required an amputation of their finger or fingers; six had necrotizing fasciitis.

Necrotizing fasciitis often starts shortly after an injury. When a wound occurs, it is important to wash it thoroughly and apply a bandage, although closed injuries can be just as problematic. The area often sees painful out of proportion to the injury. Warm red or purple areas which may include blisters, ulcers, or black spots may swell across the skin, and appear to spread fast. Fever, chills, tiredness, nausea or vomiting may also be present.

When necrotizing fasciitis has ben diagnosed, it is treated with intravenous antibiotics. Because the antibiotic may not be delivered through all the dye tissue, surgery can be necessary.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about one thousand cases of necrotizing fasciitis appears each year in the United States. They are frequently caused by a strain of streptococcus bacteria known as group A strep.

Type 2 diabetics tend to have weak immune systems, so keeping the condition under control is essential for preventing infections. High blood sugar levels provide nutrients for bacteria and fungus to grow and prevent white blood cells from doing a good job of fighting disease. The nervous system in people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes often does not allow the injured person know when they have an injury. If the arms, hands, legs, and feet do not get sufficient blood flow, which is frequently the case, healing is difficult.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Tipping Diabetes in The Right Direction

Living with Type 2 diabetes is far from ideal. It is the somewhat unfortunate circumstance many adults have to accept. And once the realization is made that blood sugar levels and weight gain must be lowered to avoid serious consequences, you give yourself the opportunity to change.

Of course, it still depends on you. If you have received a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes, nobody can force you to treat and manage your disease. Although it will require diligent effort on your part if you are to make a difference! And while you have the choice to deny yourself this opportunity, it would not be a wise one. Living with Type 2 diabetes and high and unstable blood sugar, you may have already been given a hint of what could be in store for you if you do not begin to take control of your health …

  • stomach pains,
  • aching feet,
  • little energy, and
  • dehydration

They just some of the issues you could have having day-to-day. If you do not take control, it is likely bound to get worse.

What you may need is a daily routine to fight and resist the effects of Type 2 diabetes. With time, a routine will help you reverse some of the underlying problems, such as high blood sugar. With a healthy diet, you can begin to lower your blood sugar levels so your body is in a better position to resist the harmful effects of diabetes. And through weight loss, you can begin to improve your well-being in a multitude of ways. On that note, weight loss is worth it for the emotional benefits alone – it feels much better to be lean. Your mental health would see a significant boost as your waist size begins to decrease.

A daily routine is something you need to count on. Structure your meals so they are conducive to healthy living. Focus on low-carb or complex carbohydrates so you are no longer exposing your body to devastating blood sugar spikes. Eat your lean protein: always include a source of protein in your meals, because it is the most important macronutrient and when eaten along the carbohydrates, protein slows down the absorption of sugar. You also need healthy fats: nuts, seeds, avocados, olive oil, and even eggs are the type of fats you need to include in your diabetic eating plan. Just make sure to be sensible with your intake of fats.

As far as snacking goes, all you need to do is ensure you are productive. Snack to keep excess hunger at bay; not as a habit. Fruits, yogurt, and mixed nuts make great choices. A protein-based granola bar also works well.

Lastly, do not forget physical activity. Even if the gym is not your thing, try to go for a jog or a walk in the evening. If it is winter, then know a gym membership is an investment and exercise is essential to help lower your blood sugar and your weight.

Establish a daily routine to help you manage your Type 2 diabetes. With time, your condition and health will improve, provided you stick to your plan.

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Type 2 Diabetes and Its Risk Factors

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus has reached epidemic proportions worldwide. According to the statistical data of International Diabetes Federation, in 2015, 1 in 11 adults has diabetes. What is surprising to know is that 1 in 2 adults with diabetes is undiagnosed. It is frightening to know that every 6 seconds 1 person dies from diabetes. So, it becomes necessary for people to have a basic knowledge about this dreadful disease and its risk factors, which will help them to prevent or manage it better if they have the disease.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is unable to use insulin, produced by the beta cells of the pancreas, because the cells of the body become resistant to its action. As a result, the body is less able to take up glucose from the blood for its use for energy. In the earlier stages of type 2 diabetes, the body responds by producing more insulin than it would normally need to. But over a number of years, the extra demands on the pancreas to produce insulin can lead to a loss of insulin producing cells because they wear out.

There are certain risk factors that are responsible for causing type 2 diabetes:

Age – People over the age of 40 have an increased risk of developing the disease. People of south Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean and black African descent have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes at a much earlier age. However, over recent years younger people from all ethnic groups have been developing the condition.

Genetics – It is one of the main risk factors for the disease. The risk of developing the disease is increased if one has a close relative such as a parent, brother or sister, who has the condition.

Overweight and obesity – One is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if overweight or obese. Central obesity (pot belly) typically increases the risk. This is because it releases chemicals that can adjust the body's cardiovascular and metabolic systems.

Ethnicity – People of south Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean and black African origin are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Moreover, People of south Asian and African-Caribbean origin also have an increased risk of developing its complications, such as heart disease, at a young age than the rest of the population.

Pre-diabetes – Pre-diabetes can progress to type 2 diabetes if lifestyle changes, including healthy eating, losing weight and taking regular exercise are not instituted.

Gestational diabetes – Women, who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy, also have a greater risk of developing diabetes in later life.

Physical inactivity – There is a direct association of physical inactivity and increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Compared to those who sat for less than six hours a day, people who spent six to 10 hours sitting were 15 percent more likely to develop diabetes, suggesting the risk increases with the number of hours spent sitting down. So, there goes a message that the development of type 2 diabetes can be induced by reducing sitting time in addition to engaging in regular exercise.

Smoking – Smokers are 30% to 40% more likely to get type 2 diabetes than non-smokers. And if one has diabetes and still smokers, the symptoms may become worse and it will be harder to control blood sugar.

Air pollution – Some epidemiologic studies show some degree of association between traffic-related air pollutants and insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. We all are exposed to air pollution. An individual reduction by moving away from highly polluted areas is rarely an option. So, it computes an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

Conclusion –

We can not ignore the fact that health care costs for people with diabetes are twice as high as for those who do not have it. So, it is an economic burden not only on individuals but also on countries in general. According to International Diabetes Federation, diabetes cost the world economy $ 673 billion in 2015. That's about 12% of total world healthcare expenses.
There are some risk factors, which can be controlled individually viz. overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, smoking, pre-diabetes, gestational diabetes and air pollution, whereas other factors can not be modified. Therefore, timely intervention by means of preventive measures for controlling modifiable risk factors will test the spiraling incidence of type 2 diabetes and, at the same time, will less overall economic burden.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Five Reasons Why You Should Cook More Often

Most of us know how to cook something at least! We may not all be chefs, but we are aware of how to prepare a few simple meals.

In case you have not guessed it, there are many reasons why you should make cooking a regular habit, even if it is time-consuming. But in that case, there is always something you could do to make cooking more efficient. For instance, it is not a bad idea to do all of your cooking for the week on a Sunday afternoon. You can store your meals in glass containers and just reheat them for lunch or dinner through the week.

Let us go over five reasons why you should cook more often …

1. You tend to eat healthy when you cook your meals. While this is not always true, it is almost always the case. Even if you eat lasagna, which is notoriously high in calories, it is practically always healthy when it is homemade. Why? Because you are then in control of all the ingredients going into your meal. Which leads us to …

2. You control what you eat. When you cook your meals, you decide what you will consume. If you are preparing a dinner that includes sweet potatoes, vegetables, and lean protein; you can be sure the only ingredients you eat are primarily the ones you have chosen. You usually do not have to worry about anything else. This meal we used as an example is a great one, by the way.

3. You control your portion sizes. When you do the meal preparation and cooking, not only do you control what you eat but also how much . You can come to a logical conclusion beforehand regarding how much you should eat, which is helpful when you are looking to control your blood sugar levels and lose weight.

If you order a takeaway meal or heat a meal out of a box, however, you have less control of your portion size. And you may end up eating more because of the meal size allocated to you.

4. Cooking saves money. This one goes without saying. It is always cheaper to cook your own meals than it is to buy them. Interestingly, it can also save you time once you get the hang of it. Cooking is not always a time sink.

5. Cooking benefits your health. Lastly, cooking extremely benefits your health in more ways than one. If you tend to eat healthy when you cook, then inevitably it is conducive to better health and well-being.

This is especially important for people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and for anyone who is serious about weight loss. Make a commitment to cooking healthy food, and you are going to encounter more success with your blood sugar levels, weight loss and overall health.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Will Bread Containing Chromium Help to Lower Blood Sugar Levels?

According to the October 2016 copy of the European Journal of Nutrition, Chromium-enriched whole wheat bread is helpful for controlling Type 2 diabetes. Scientists at the University of Athens in Greece found eating chromium-enriched bread helped blood sugar and insulin levels in a study that they carried out with thirty Type 2 diabetics. Some of the diabetics were assigned to the chromium-enriched whole wheat bread group, and the reminder was placed in the plain whole wheat bread group. At the end of 12 weeks, the participants in the chromium group showed improvements in their …

  • blood sugar levels,
  • insulin levels,
  • HbA1c reading, and
  • insulin resistance.

The scientists concluded chromium-enriched whole wheat bread could benefit people with Type 2 diabetes who had adequate blood sugar control.

According to WebMD, the following are recommended daily allowances (RDA) of chromium …

  • women 19 to 50 years of age – 25 mcg / day,
  • women over 50 years of age – 20 mcg / day,
  • men 19 to 50 years of age – 35 mcg / day, and
  • men 50 and over – 30 mcg / day.

Rich sources of chromium which may help your blood sugar include …

  • brewer's yeast – 112 mcg per 100 grams or 3.5 ounces,
  • whole wheat bread – 42 mcg per 100 grams,
  • green pepper – 19 mcg per 100 grams,
  • raw buckwheat – 38 mcg per c cup,
  • rye bread – 30 mcg per 100 grams,
  • broccoli – 5 mg per 3 stalks.

Also, vitamin C is thought to increase the absorption of chromium. Green peppers are good sources of both.

Taking in the RDA of chromium is not difficult with a healthy eating plan. The use of chromium supplementation for helping with Type 2 diabetes and lowering blood sugar is controversial. More research is needed for a consensus as to whether chromium supplementation is necessary, and if so, how much.

A chromium deficiency leads to …

  • anxiety,
  • fatigue, and
  • mood swings.

In children, a deficiency can slow down growth.

Chromium combines with niacin (nicotinamide) vitamin B3, to form the glucose tolerance factor, which helps insulin to work. When glucose tolerance factor combines with insulin, the latter works three times as well as it would by itself.

Niacin is water-soluble, meaning it can not be stored in the body. Good sources of niacin include …

  • peanuts – one ounce supplies 3.8 mg or 19 percent of the RDA,
  • mushrooms – one whole piece of portobello mushroom provides 3.8 mg or 19 percent of the RDA, and
  • green peas – one cup supplies 3.0 mg or 15 percent of the RDA

Signs and symptoms of niacin deficiency (pellagra) including having …

  • cracked, scaly skin,
  • dementia,
  • diarrhea,
  • burning pain in the mouth, and
  • a swollen, bright red tongue.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Four Points for Diabetics to Keep in Mind When Following A Vegetarian Diet Plan

For many years, researchers have been adjusting Type 2 diabetic diets. One of the aims is to improve insulin sensitivity and often the results are remarkable, especially when little or no animal products are eaten. Many participating Type 2 diabetics lost weight and improved their insulin sensitivity, therefore, reducing their blood sugar to within a normal range.

Are you thinking of going on a vegetarian diet? While you can successfully go on this type of diet and see great results, far too many people either …

  • do not know what to expect or
  • do not approach the plan correctly

and, as such, fail to optimize their well-being. Many people will start to feel sluggish and drained and, if they are not careful, could fall prey to some serious nutritional deficiencies.

Here are a few points to keep in mind when following a vegetarian diet plan, so you have a successful journey into this style of eating …

1. Vegetarian Diets Do Not Permit You To Eat Processed Foods. Just because you are a vegetarian now does not mean you can eat any meals not containing meat. Basic healthy eating rules still apply: so no eating highly processed foods or those foods rich in sugar or simple carbohydrates.

You still need to stick to the basics of eating only foods in their most natural state.

2. Vegetarian Diets Still Require Balance. One significant problem associated with this type of diet is people are not able to maintain proper nutritional balance. You still need to get an equal amount of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to feel your best and to function healthily.

It is easy to fill your day with carbs and fats; neglecting to include protein in the process. Protein is a must, so as a vegetarian eater, you need to take extra steps to ensure you do eat sufficient amounts of protein.

3. Vegetarian Eating Takes More Planning Than Regular Diets. Next, remember going vegetarian requires more planning than a regular diet. Again, if you are not planning your menu correctly, it is easy to fail on the nutrition front.

You may need to figure out a week's worth of meals to ensure you are getting your needs met. If you do not, the diet will not be very efficient. If you do not have the time to do this, you may want to reconsider using the vegetarian approach.

4. Vegetarian Diets Do Not Automatically Lead To Weight Loss. Because you are going to eliminate animal products does not automatically mean you will see great weight loss. Some people think they will lose weight naturally by going with this approach, but this is not necessarily the case. You can still gain weight on taking a vegetarian approach as you can with a regular approach. Be sure you are aware of this and check your calorie intake.

If you follow a vegetarian meal plan wisely, it can lead to great results. Used unwisely, however, may find you feeling disappointed.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Are You Looking for a Diabetic Diet?

Some people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes or people who have been told that they are prediabetes may be searching for a “diabetic diet.” Unfortunately, this is an exercise in futility. In short, there is no such thing as a diabetic diet, but healthy eating is a different story.

Firstly, let us examine why many believe there is a “special” diabetic diet. Quite simply, it is comforting to think there's an all-purpose cure to all of our problems. It may be out there or it may not but regardless, what matters is to hope. When you hope there is a solution and you promise yourself to act on it when you find it, you trick yourself into believing you are taking action and making progress.

The truth, of course, is you would be no better off than where you started.

The reason why there is no such thing is, if there were, what would be on this diet? Many are quick to claim carbohydrates are to blame, so they should be reduced or eliminated. While cutting a Type 2 diabetic's carb intake is a valid point, eliminating carbohydrates altogether is not. Why? Because carbs are essential. And often all that is required is moderation.

What foods would Type 2 diabetics be “allowed” to eat on this plan? There is no such thing as a diabetic-friendly food. Rather, you are limited to choosing between what is typically healthy for you in sensible portions and what is unhealthy, regardless of proportion size. A proper balance is crucial no matter what diet a person with Type 2 diabetes picks.

Also, why voluntarily restrict yourself from eating so many foods? In most cases, what needs to be changed are your eating behaviors. While it is wise to eat fruits and vegetables over chips and white bread, there is no evidence suggesting whole grain bread can not be included. What does not work efficiently for blood sugar and weight control is overeating.

If you are chasing the idea of ​​a diabetic diet, you are better off adjusting your opinion in a way that will absolutely benefit you. Which means you should correct any poor habits you may have. Better food choices and control, yes. Severe limitation on what you can and can not eat, not so much.

Beside, a significant component of treating high blood sugar also involves physical activity and weight loss. So, in any case, you should not narrow your focus on your eating plan.

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Healthy and Hearty Diabetic Diet

People with diabetes do not have to live on bland food and yet do they have to get rid of all the carbs from their diabetic diet. All of us love our desserts and pasta, and diabetic patients are no different. The exciting news is that they do not have to let go of these delights as long as they consume everything in moderation and follow an effective exercise regime.

As your doctor would have already told you, the major goal of a diabetic diet is to keep your blood sugar levels under control. And to do this, you need to make small and healthy changes in your lifestyle and eating habits.

As you know, processed foods have excess sodium, fats and sugars hidden in them, which make them unhealthy for everyone. So limiting the consumption of canned and processed food is a good start towards achieving a balanced and efficient diabetic diet.

As already mentioned carbohydrates can be consumed moderately and does not have to be avoided altogether. However, it would be wise to stick close to the healthy carbs like brown rice, potatoes and oats. But then you can also occasionally have your favorite unhealthy carb as long as you club it with lots of veggies and fibrous food.

So how can a person with diabetes satisfy his sweet tooth?

Today the internet is flooded with dessert recipes for diabetic patients and they include the recipes for cookies, brownies and cakes which are low in carbs and processed sugars. Making desserts with fruits and their natural sugars is a smart way of satisfying your desires in a healthy way. Chef Stacey Harris who is also popular as the diabetic pastry chef has penned down lots of delicious recipes that will not make you miss the yummy food in your diabetic meal.

Can a diabetic diet include meat?

Meat lovers can heave a sigh of relief because researchers have found that meat, even red meat, when taken in moderate quantity will not hamper with your blood sugar levels. You can also pick the leaner cuts to reduce the saturated fat you eat and opt for beef obtained from grass-fed animals since they are comparatively a healthier option. Then there is the option of including white meat like poultry, fish and other seafood into your diabetic diet instead of red meat.

A non-starchy diet rich in fruits and vegetables is all you need to bring your blood sugar levels under control. Get imaginative and play around with recipes to design a mouth-watering diabetic diet. A once in a while indulgence in your favorite unhealthy snack is fine as long as it is a small portion. So instead of always worrying about “what to eat” and “what not to eat”, follow a diabetic diet plan which will keep you healthy and happy.

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Getting Over Your Diwali Blues!

Diwali is closing in fast and we are set in the mood for a celebration. It's time for crackers, fireworks, meeting friends, festivals, sweets, get togethers and sweets.

Often we find that we indulge excessively in sweets on Diwali. After the festive season is through, we find that people are required to go on a diet to shed the excess pounds.

Sometimes, they wake up early in the morning and go jogging.

This all can be tough on one's schedules.

But more importantly, it is the diabetics who have to suffer as they can not indulge in sweets.

More importantly, if someone at home is diabetic, family members often have to compromise. They do not prepare too many sweets for Diwali.

And when guests come over, they have to make do with serving other stuff.

So, diet wise, Diwali season could be tough if someone is a diabetic, or fighting obesity.

One of the ways of making sweets, such that they do not influence your diabetes is by going for natural sweeteners.

If one uses natural sweeteners, Diwali would be more awesome, and if someone's a diabetic, he / she could heartily indulge in his sweet tooth without guilt, or even a health risk!

Natural sweeteners, for instance Stevia are 100% sugar free, but offer the same great taste as sugar. And the best part is that Stevia has no side effects.

So while you fight diabetes, the body lasts supple. And that way, your fitness levels are higher. One's appetite is reduced by default because with a high nutrition substance like stevia, one does not feel tempted to go for high fat or fried foods. And the sweets all taste wonderful.

Do not wish that inside of being a diabetic; you would not have to compromise on your diet?

If you could eat what you wanted, when you desired, and in as much quantity as makes you happy?

It's just a matter of knowing how to cook for someone who is a diabetic. A saying goes around that diabetics are healthier than normal people, because they eat healthier.

So if you come to realize how to eat right, it could make a difference on your being. There is then no shirking away from food just because sweets are not there for the taking, and really a matter of eating right.

Even while you have diabetes, you could be healthier, happier and always ready to take on life!

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Type 2 Diabetes – Is Diabetes A Risk Factor for Liver Cancer?

According to the journal Cancer Research, Type 2 diabetes and other problems associated with the condition, likely raise the risk of developing liver cancer. In October 2016 scientists at the American Cancer Society in Atlanta and several other research facilities in the United States and the United Kingdom, reported the results of their study linking Type 2 diabetes to liver cancer.

The rate of liver cancer in the United States is three times what it was in 1975. Obesity and Type 2 diabetes have followed the same trend. Could there be a connection? Scientists looked at 2,162 cases of liver cancer …

  • overweight and obese men and women had higher rates of liver cancer.
  • people who had been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes were found to be more than twice as likely to develop cancer of the liver. A higher waist size also increased the risk.

In the United States, about 39,000 people are diagnosed with cancer arising from the liver and about 27,000 people die from liver cancer each year.

Signs and symptoms of liver cancer include …

  • loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss,
  • pain in the upper abdomen, especially under the right ribs,
  • nausea and vomiting,
  • tiredness,
  • abdominal swelling,
  • jaundice, or yellow discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes, and
  • pale chalk-like stools.

When possible the best treatment is surgery. In some cases, part of the liver is removed, or the entire organ can be replaced with a transplanted liver. In 2012 in the United States there were about 1300 organ transplants for cancer in the liver.

When surgery is not an option …

  1. radiation,
  2. chemotherapy,
  3. embolization, and
  4. ablation

are options.

1. Radiation can be aimed at the liver from outside the body, or small radioactive beads can be injected into the hepatic (having to do with the liver) artery. They will lodge near tumors and give off radiation only to the tumors.

2. Chemotherapy has not been satisfactory so far. A new method of injecting the healing chemicals directly into the hepatic artery is under investigation.

3. Another new form of therapy is embolization. A catheter is inserted into the hepatic artery, and small particles are released, blocking off the artery and cutting off the blood supply to the tumor.

4. Ablation therapy attacks the tumor while avoiding healthy tissue. A thin probe may be inserted to freeze the tumor. Or a needle can pierce the tumor to deliver alcohol to kill the cancer cells. High-frequency radiation or microwaves can also be sent through a small probe to attack the tumor.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Small Changes Can Make a Big Difference to Your Blood Sugar

If you have received a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes and lowering your blood sugar levels and achieving weight loss are top of your list of things to do, please know eating healthily has got to be a daily commitment. You can not be passive towards your condition and expect it to treat itself. You can hope as much as you like, but Type 2 diabetes does not go away without consistent effort. And people who do not control their Type 2 diabetes have chronically elevated blood sugar levels.

There is no cure for Type 2 diabetes, although it can be managed and the various complications avoided. You will not get diabetes overnight, but you can certainly take steps that will absolutely get you where you would like to be. Reducing your blood sugar, improving your insulin response and weight loss, are all factors you can influence, and by making a daily effort, you can ensure your diabetes does not exacerbate.

The first step in taking care of your body is to make lifestyle changes, and if you need to, take medications, be they drugs or insulin injections. People who start making lifestyle changes reap tremendous health benefits almost immediately. Lifestyle changes are seen as an ongoing, long-term proposition rather than a quick fix …

  • a healthy diet,
  • increased physical activity, and
  • weight loss

are the safest and most efficient means for correcting your blood sugar levels and helping with weight loss. And by losing weight, you will do so much for your health it would be a shame if you were to overlook this opportunity. So we highly encourage you to start making a daily effort to lose weight, because it will make your Type 2 diabetes significantly more manageable.

Start eating healthily. We are not saying you have to go on a starvation diet that makes you question your sanity …

  • eat a healthy diet low in calories and saturated fat. Limit your fat intake to 30 percent of your calories for the day, and saturated fat to no more than 10 percent of your calorie intake.
  • choose more vegetables, fruit, lean meats, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and unsaturated fats.
  • reduce your sugar intake.
  • increase your fiber intake to 30 grams a day.

Drink plenty of water. You have heard it before, but it bears mentioning because it's critical to stay hydrated. It helps you keep your hunger pangs at bay.

Be physically active. Physical activity contributor to combatting insulin resistance so your cells can remove sugar from the blood more efficiently. Lift weights, attend a fitness class or take part in moderate-intensity exercise such as brisk walking for approximately 20 minutes on five days a week. What you do does not matter, as long as you do something.

Lastly, ask yourself at the end of each day if you have done enough to fight those high blood sugar levels and any weight gain. You can treat your condition through daily effort – but only if you are honest with yourself.

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Pre-Diabetes and Ways to Keep It From Becoming Type-2 Diabetes

Pre-diabetes is a medical condition, in which blood sugar level is higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classified as type-2 diabetes. Without intervention, it is likely to become type-2 diabetes in 10 years or less.

Pre-diabetes can be an opportunity for one to improve one's health. However, its progress to type-2 diabetes is not inevitable if effective intervention is instituted.

According to the American Diabetes Association, the following are considered to be its risk factors, if one:

• Is above 45 years.

• Has BMI (body mass index) above 25.

• Is inactive.

• Has a family history of type-2 diabetes.

• Is African-American, Hispanic, American Indian, Asian-American or a Pacific Islander.

• Is an Asian as Asian counties contribute greatly to the prevalence of pre-diabetes.

• Has a history of gestational diabetes or have given birth to a baby, who weighed more than 9 pounds (4.1 kilograms).

• Has a history of polycystic ovary syndrome.

• Has high blood pressure.

• Has an abnormal cholesterol level, including high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels below 35 mg / dL or a triglyceride level above 250 mg / dL.

Diagnosis of pre-diabetes –

The following tests are performed to confirm the diagnosis of pre-diabetes:

Fasting blood glucose test –

A blood sample will be taken after fasting for at least eight hours or overnight and blood sugar level is tested.

A blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg / dL is considered pre-diabetes. This is sometimes referred to as impaired fast glucose (IFG).

Oral glucose tolerance test –

A blood sample will be taken after fasting for at least eight hours or overnight. Then one will drink a sugary solution, and blood sugar level will be measured again after two hours.

A blood sugar level less than 140 mg / dL is normal. A blood sugar level from 140 to 199 mg / dL is considered pre-diabetes. This is sometimes referred to as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).

Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) test –

This blood test indicates average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.

A normal HbA1C should be below 5.7 percent. The HbA1C level between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered pre-diabetes.

Certain conditions such as pregnancy or an uncommon form of hemoglobin (known as a hemoglobin variant) can make the HbA1C test inaccurate.

Causes –

Although the exact cause of pre-diabetes is unknown, its contributors are as follows:

• Family history of type-2 diabetes

• Genetics – some genes related to insulin resistance have been discovered by the researchers.

• Excess fat especially abdominal fat

• Physical inactivity

Ways to keep it from becoming type-2 diabetes –

Lose weight – Losing just 7% of body weight (that's 10.5 pounds for a 150 pounds person) helps people reduce diabetes risk by 58%.

Do more exercise – Exercise regularly by aiming for at least 30 minutes of cardio 5 days a week and weight training twice a week.

Change diet – By being sure you're getting all the nutrients you need and sticking to small portion sizes and eating regularly regularly prepared meals, you can avoid high blood sugar.

Reduce stress – A stressed system pumps out hormones that increase blood sugar. Stay for calm by meditation or ways that work best for you.

Have regular sleeps daily – Deprivation of sleep derails the metabolism. People who clocked less than 6 hours a weeknight for 6 years are more than four times likelier to see their blood sugar climb into pre-diabetes territory. Those who got 4-5 hours of sleep for just four days become more insulin resistant, setting up the stage for high blood sugar.

Have periodic blood tests – One should have one's blood tested periodically for blood sugar and HbA1C on a regular basis so that one can know when to take stringent measures for its control.

The bottom line is that pre-diabetes is most likely to progress to a full-blown type-2 diabetes, if adequate preventive measure is not taken. Since type-2 diabetes has already reached epidemic proportions all over the world, pre-diabetes, if not checked in time, will further deteriorate the worsening global situation of prevalence of type-2 diabetes.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Making Use Of Resistant Starch to Help Produce Lower Blood Sugar Levels

If you are hoping to maximize your fat loss results, one subject you may want to give some consideration to is resistant starch. What is this type of starch? As the name suggests, it is a type of starch that tends to be resistant to digestion. Your body will not break the starch down like regular starch: it tends to pass through the body and become excreted.

Resistant starch is good news for you for two reasons. First, it does not impact your blood sugar levels as much. If you are not breaking the food down, this means it is not broken down into glucose and is not going to spike your blood sugar levels.

Second, because it does not break down like a regular starch, this means you will not net as many calories and will not put you at risk of weight gain.

Clearly, this is one type of food you do not want to leave out of your eating plan. So which foods come out on top for resistant starch values? Here are the main ones to include in your diet plan …

1. Oats. Oats are a great source of resistant starch provided you eat the unprocessed variety. If you cook your oats and let cool for several hours overnight, you can boost the resistant starch levels even further.

If this is not a good reason to make up a large batch of oats in the slow cooker and keep it for easy breakfast meals all week long, I'm not sure what is.

2. Cooled Rice. Rice, which when you select brown rice, is another food that is a delicious and nutritious way to add resistant starch to your diet. Rice is highly versatile and provides a great source of complex carbohydrates, so it is one food you do not want to be overlooking.

Here again, if you cook your rice and then let cool, reheating it later on, you will boost the resistant starch level even further.

3. Beans. If you are not replacing some of your standard starch varieties with beans by now, it is time for you to start. Beans are an excellent source of resistant starch and a must-have in your daily diet plan.

They are not only high in this form of carbohydrates but are also rich in dietary fiber and will provide you with a healthy amount of protein as well. As most people fail to take in sufficient protein each day, here is another reason they are a must-have in your menu.

4. Green Bananas. Finally, if you want to eat bananas, know you can without worrying too much about your blood sugar levels: you just need to go green. Green bananas have not ripened to the point their starch has converted to sugar, so provide a wonderful source of resistant starch as well.

Keep these foods in mind. If you are looking to maximize your blood sugar control; it pays to get them into your approach.

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Insulin Resistance and Its Causes

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by pancreas, which allows cells to use glucose (sugar) as energy.

People with insulin resistance have cells that do not use insulin effectively, which means the cells have trouble absorbing glucose. The diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into muscle and other tissues results in a build-up of glucose in the blood. As a result, the body needs higher levels of insulin to help glucose enter cells. The pancreas tries to keep up with this increased demand for insulin by producing more. As long as it is able to produce enough insulin to increase the insulin resistance, blood glucose levels stay in the healthy range.

But over time, the pancreas fails to keep up with the increased demand for insulin. Without enough insulin, excess glucose builds up in the bloodstream, leading to pre-diabetes, diabetes, and other serious health disorders.

Symptoms –

Insulin resistance usually has no symptoms. People may have the condition for several years without knowing they have it.

People with its severe form may develop dark patches of skin, usually on the back of the neck. Sometimes people have a dark ring around their neck. Dark patches may also appear on elbows, knees, knuckles, and armpits. The skin changes usually appear slowly. The affected skin may also have an odor or itch. This condition is called acanthosis nigricans.

Causes –

Although its exact causes are not completely understood, there are certain contributors for it as described below –

  • Obesity – Many experts believe that obesity is the primary cause of insulin resistance, especially excess fat around the waist. According to many studies, belly fat produces hormones and other substances that can cause serious health problems such as insulin resistance, high blood pressure, imbalanced cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Belly fat plays a part in developing chronic inflammation in the body. This inflammation can contribute to the development of insulin resistance, type-2 diabetes, and CVD. However, studies show that losing the weight can reduce insulin resistance and prevent or delay type-2 diabetes.
  • Physical inactivity – Many studies indicate that physical activity is also linked with insulin resistance. Studies show that after exercising, muscles become more sensitive to insulin, reversing insulin resistance and lowering blood glucose levels. Exercise also assists muscles absorb more glucose without the need for insulin. The more muscle a person has, the more glucose one can burn to control blood glucose levels. Therefore, weight training plays a significant role in reversing it as it helps muscles grow.
  • Sleep problems – Many studies show that sleep problems, especially sleep apnea, can increase the risk of obesity, insulin resistance, and type-2 diabetes. Night shift workers may also be at increased risk for these problems. Sleep problems also result in poor sleep quality producing sleepiness or excessive tiredness during the day.
  • Other causes – It ' s other causes include ethnicity, certain diseases, hormones, steroid use, some medications, older age and cigarette smoking.

The bottom line –

This is a disturbing fact that insulin resistance is common all over the world and itsvalence continues to increase. Another statistically disturbing trend has been observed that one-third of obese children and adolescents have it, who form a high risk group for development of type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. This becomes all the more significant as there is rising incidence of obesity in children and adolescents worldwide

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