It is a known fact that weight loss surgery helps patients with type 2 diabetes. For some patients, it helps reduce the blood sugar levels. The results are seen just a few days after the surgery. This essentially means that they will require reduced medication or no medication at all! According to research, bariatric surgery can also help control blood pressure, cholesterol as well as triglyceride levels.
Bariatric surgery, however, is only for those who have tried all other means of weight loss unsuccessfully. Your doctor will help you analyze whether you are a good candidate for this kind of surgery. For the success of this surgery, you will also need to make some significant lifestyle changes. To begin with, you will need to eat a lot less, you will also need to eat healthy and finally, you will have to make exercise a regular routine – for life!
There are different kinds of surgeries involved. Some of these surgeries reduce the size of your stomach so that you feel fuller faster. Some others change the way you absorb calories and nutrients so that you restrict your weight gain. Well, there are some other surgeries that do both!
Let's discuss the various types of surgeries available for weight loss and how they affect type 2 diabetes:
Gastric bypass: In this kind of surgery, the surgeon makes the stomach pouch smaller by dividing the top of the stomach from the rest. The food you eat, goes straight to the small pouch that is created. It bypasses the small intestine and as a result, you feel full sooner and also absorb fewer calories. With this procedure, it has been noticed that 80% of the patients shows no signs of diabetes and at the same time lost 60% to 80% of their original weight. On the downside, some other important minerals and vitamins are not too much which create problems.
Gastric sleeve : In this kind of surgery, a part of the stomach is completely removed. The result is that there is less room for food and you feel fuller soon. This surgery is also known to lower the levels of the hormone that makes you feel hungry. After this surgery at least 60% of the people show no signs of diabetes and 50% of their initial weight is lost. On the downside, this surgery can not be reversed. Other health problems emerge as the body can not absorb other essential minerals and vitamins.
An inflatable gastric band is sometimes used that helps create a small pouch where the food goes and helps you feel full sooner. In this method the stomach is not cut and there are fewer complications.
Pancreatic diversion : This is the most complicated kind of surgery. A large part of the stomach is removed and the surgery also changes how the food moves through the intestines. This is the most effective method to lose weight as well as control diabetes.
Even after surgery, patients need to follow a healthy lifestyle to keep the weight off. So, along with all the benefits, you will need to follow all your doctor's instructions religiously too!