Browsing: Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes – The Effects of Pilates in Physical Fitness on Older Adults

According to researchers at the Federal University of Vale de Sao Francisco in Petrolina, Brazil, Pilates, a form of exercise can improve physical fitness and blood sugar control in women in their 60's and 70's with Type 2 diabetes. Their work was reported on in the Journal of Strength Conditioning Research .

Twenty-two women aged from 64 to 71 years were randomly assigned to either twelve weeks of Pilates or whatever they usually did for activity. The physical activity group held sessions of 60 minutes each three times a week for twelve weeks. Women in the Pilates group improved their ability to take in oxygen and use it to work their muscles, as well as improving their blood sugar levels …

  • by the first four weeks, the Pilates group lowered their average after-meal blood sugar from 246.1 mg / dL to 219.9 mg / dL (13.7 to 12.2 mmol / L).
  • by twelve weeks their blood sugar levels after meals were down to an average of 207.6 mg / dL (11.5 mmol / L).

HbA1c levels went from an average of 7.3 percent at the start of the study to 6.7 percent by twelve weeks. The ability to take in and use oxygen was linked with blood sugar levels after meals.

From the above results, the researchers concluded Pilates could bring improvements in fitness and blood sugar control in older women with Type 2 diabetes after twelve weeks.

Pilates was developed by Joseph Pilates and became popular in the late 1920s. Pilates is known to …

  • improve flexibility,
  • improve posture,
  • increase muscle strength and tone especially in the core – and
  • help reduce back pain.

Equipment based Pilates is great as a tool for safe rehabilitation due to low impact on the joints. Pilates was specifically designed to help World War I Veterans with injuries.

Pilates …

  • consists of a set of exercises using the abdominal and back muscles.
  • users are instructed to be continuously mindful of their movements and maintain good posture and muscular control.
  • strengthening, toning, posture, and flexibility are the primary goals, as opposed to weight loss or heart and blood vessel workouts.

Pilates is recommended for people who enjoy yoga due to its mind and body connection. An array of advertisements for Pilates books and manuals can be found on the internet. They range in levels all the way from books for beginners to those for instructors. Perhaps for the beginner the best idea would be to look for a book at the library or find instructions for exercises online before making an investment. Local instructors may be found at gymnasiums and classes can sometimes be found at community centers.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Vitamin C May Help Reduce the Diabetes Risk

In September of 2016, the online journal PLOS ONE reported on a study linking the dietary vitamin C, ascorbic acid, with a reduced risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Scientists at Harbin Medical University in the People's Republic of China looked at hundreds of new cases of Type 2 diabetes. They divided the new situations in the Harbin residents into two groups …

Group 1 – The Harbin People Health Study – a total 178 new cases of Type 2 diabetes were seen in 3483 of the participants enrolled in this study.

Group 2 – Harbin Cohort Study on Diet, Nutrition, and Chronic Non-communicable Diseases – 522 new cases were observed in 7,595 people also enrolled in this particular study.

The results were …

  • In the Harbin People Health Study, Group 1, the participants who were found to have the highest level of vitamin C had over 40 percent less risk of developing Type 2 diabetes than those with the lowest vitamin C levels.
  • In the Harbin Cohort Study on Diet, Nutrition and Chronic Non-communicable Diseases, Group 2, it was found the participants with the highest vitamin C levels had greater than 20 percent less risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

From the above results, the researchers concluded vitamin C is helpful for lowering the risk of Type 2 diabetes. They suggest it works by reducing both the number of free radicals and the degree of insulin resistance.

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps cells to stay alive by keeping down the levels of free radicals. Vitamin C is water-soluble, meaning the body is unable to store it and it must be replenished each and every day.

A vitamin C deficiency can result in a disease called scurvy. Signs and symptoms of scurvy include …

  • bleeding or swollen gums and tooth loss,
  • a shortness of breath,
  • painful joints,
  • irritability or unhappiness,
  • the presence of bluish-red spots on the skin,
  • tiredness,
  • a poor appetite,
  • diarrhea,
  • weight loss.

British sailors were given a derogatory nickname “Limey” when it was discovered back in the 19th-century lemon or lime juice was added to the daily rations of sailors. It was added to the sailor's watered-down rum.

The recommended daily allowance (RDA) for vitamin C is …

  • adult men 90 mg,
  • adult women 75 mg,
  • expectant mothers 85 mg,
  • breastfeeding mothers 125 mg,
  • all smokers. The same amounts as above plus an additional 35 mg. Smoking destroys vitamins, particular vitamin C and B's.

Foods high in vitamin C. We all know about citrus fruits, so let's look at a few other foods …

  • cabbage – 10 leaves 84 mg,
  • kale – 1 cup, chopped, 80 mg,
  • papaya – 1 cup 83 mg,
  • strawberries – 1 cup 85 mg,
  • bell peppers, red, – c cup 70 mg,
  • broccoli – 1 stalk, 135 mg.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Do You Need Motivation to Control Your Blood Sugar and Body Weight?

If you feel treating your Type 2 diabetes is a challenging task requiring time and discipline, you are not the first to feel this way. Controlling your blood sugar levels and your body weight takes time and effort. While this is not exactly a positive, you should count your blessings and take an optimistic approach. What we mean by this is Type 2 diabetes is very much a treatable disease: many people can even turn back the clock and return their blood sugar levels to the normal range.

The problem, however, is not that it takes time and effort to treat and lower your blood sugar. The issue is related to motivation: many people just lack the drive to do what it takes. It is not easy, but what has to be done has to be done, and there is no way around it. If you have received a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes you can make the right decisions, or you can decide to remain passive and take your health for granted.

If you feel like you need the motivation to work on lowering your blood sugar and lose weight, you are not alone. There are millions of Type 2 diabetics around the world, and many of them face similar struggles. Many adults have successfully lowered their blood sugar, lost weight, and improved their overall health.

If they have done it, so can you.

Motivation is an interesting behavior, and sometimes we look for help in the wrong places. We find stories to inspire us, or videos picturing someone else's success. While these can provide a spark, there needs to be a foundation in place to begin. What we mean is real motivation is internal. External motivation, the type you receive from others, is transient. It is incredibly fleeting. The only kind of motivation you can count on is the one that burns within.

If you do not have it, for the time being, it is okay. Perhaps it is still under development. In this case, you owe it to yourself to manage your Type 2 diabetes, even if the task sees insurmountable at first. You may surprise yourself when you find you do have a desire to take control of your disease or sometimes become lean, and healthy – it's all the same. Healthy living is a commitment. You have only got one life. You might as well go for it if you want to live your life well.

If there is a takeaway point here, it is you should not feel like you need to find motivation to self-manage your blood sugar. Maybe the motivation will find you! What you must do is put forward your best effort because if you at least try, you are guaranteed to learn something along the way.

Give yourself a period, sometimes a month, to begin the process. Learn at your pace. Apply what you learn at a comfortable pace integrating what you learn one piece at a time

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Type 2 Diabetes – Dealing With Lactose Intolerance

Do you start feeling “off” anytime you consume dairy-rich foods? Do you find your stomach turns at the mere thought of drinking milk? If so, you are not alone. Many Type 2 diabetics have these sentiments and sadly it turns them off dairy products absolutely. While not all dairy products are healthy …

  • a glass of skim milk is packing nearly 10 grams of sugar, and likewise,
  • ice cream is rich in both saturated fat and sugar;

there are some dairy products worth consuming. Greek yogurt, for instance, provided you purchase a plain variety is low in sugar, high in protein, and a terrific source of calcium. Cottage cheese as well provides a low digesting source of protein that will keep your body repairing and rebuilding muscle tissues.

So how can you deal with lactose intolerance? Here are a few tips on how to cope …

1. Look For Lactose-Free Alternatives. While you will not find lactose-free alternatives for all the dairy products you may want to include in your catering plan, it is worth checking around for any potential low lactose options available.

You can find low lactose milk for instance, and since lactose is the milk sugar found in regular milk, this can make it a more appropriate rate for those who have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.

Likewise, you can also find lactose-free protein powder as well, and protein powder is one of the best ways to help boost your protein protein take for the day.

2. Try A Digestive Enzyme. Another option for diabetic and non-diabetics who are intolerant to lactose is to try a high-quality digestive enzyme. These enzymes can provide the lactase needed to help break down and digest the lactose, thus making it possible for you to consume dairy in your eating plan.

Digestive enzymes may also contribute to combat bloating or gas, as well as any other bowel related issues you may be having, so they are worth checking.

3. Limit How Much Dairy You Consume. Finally, if you are going to add dairy to your diabetic eating plan, watch how much you are taking in. Start slowly, adding a bit of dairy here and there. A few tablespoons of milk in your coffee for instance or a quarter cup of Greek yogurt with your berries.

Some people will only experience negative reactions when they consume higher levels of dairy-rich foods, so learn your limits. Then adhere by them to ensure dairy consumption does not become a problem for you.

There you have three main points to remember when dealing with lactose intolerance. Just because you suffer does not mean you need to totally avoid dairy, or be in pain every time you add it to your eating plan.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Does Passive Smoking Increase the Risk of Women Developing Gestational Diabetes?

Scientists at the Tianjin Medical University and several other research institutions in China, Canada, and the United States, linked passive smoking with the risk of developing Gestational diabetes also known as diabetes of pregnancy. Their study, reported on in September of 2016 in the Diabetes Metabolism Research and Review, included 12,786 pregnant women. All were routinely tested for high blood sugar readings …

  • 8331 women exposed to passive smoking, 7.8 percent developed diabetes during their pregnancy.
  • pregnant women not exposed developed the condition in 6.3 percent of cases.
  • the pregnant women exposed to smoke had a 29 percent higher risk of developing Gestational diabetes than did the unexposed women.
  • obese women exposed to secondhand smoke had more than three times the risk of developing diabetes during their pregnancy compared to non-obese women who had not been exposed to smoke.

From these results, the researchers concluded obesity and passive tobacco smoking worked together synergistically to raise the pregnant mother's risk of developing Gestational diabetes.

According to the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, July 2016, birth defects are also linked to passive smoking. Researchers at the Texas Department of State Health Services and various other research institutions in the United States examined information from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. The study includes many sites keeping records on birth defects.

Over the period from 1997 to 2009 researchers compared cases of birth defects with 10,200 normal births. They included forty-four types of birth defects and mothers who had been exposed to secondhand smoke between one month before conception through the first three months of pregnancy. The risk of several types of birth defects was greater in mothers who had experienced second-hand smoke …

  • anencephaly: missing much of the brain – a 66 percent higher risk,
  • spina bifida: inadequately formed spinal cord) – a 49 percent greater risk,
  • cleft or split lip only – a 41 percent higher risk,
  • cleft lip with or without cleft palate – a 24 percent increased risk,
  • cleft palate only – a 31 percent greater risk,
  • lack of kidneys – a 99 percent higher risk,
  • limbs outside the bag of water – a 66 percent increased risk,
  • a hole in the wall separating the left and right top chambers, or atria of the heart – a 37 percent greater risk.

The investigators concluded more studies of secondhand smoke and birth defects are warranted. They caution the number of birth defects studied could have led to some associations purely by chance. Pregnant mothers might also not be able to recall their exposure to secondhand smoke correctly as well. On the other hand, we know passive smoking is not okay for any of us and causes less oxygen to go to the fetus, so avoiding smoke is all to the good.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Healthy Eating Is a Lifestyle Change

How familiar are you with healthy eating? We all know what the term applies to. And we can all agree we could eat better than we do now. The fact of the matter is we are all familiar with healthy eating to some extent. So it is usually an excuse when we say we do not know how to change our food choices or where we need to start in altering our eating plan, even if we must.

Type 2 diabetes and obesity do not care about your lack of expertise or your choice to remain passive. These two health issues can hit, and often the impact is rough. Consider this a warning if you are not currently a Type 2 diabetic or overweight generally or perhaps just around the abdominal area. It does not matter if you see these health issues coming or not – they strike hard, and it would take a fair amount of time and effort to treat them successfully.

With that said, we want to focus on healthy eating. Even though the term is widely understood, it lacks practice in the general population. How many people do you know actively practicing healthy eating? Forget those who try a new diet or eating plan as part of their New Year's resolutions. Fad diets, or what we like to call temporary diets, are not solutions. They are temporary fixes at best. An overzealous diet is not what we consider healthy eating.

Rather, healthy eating is a lifestyle change. It is a commitment to better health, and it usually starts in the kitchen. There is no avoiding it. If you want to …

  • lose weight,
  • lower your blood sugar, or
  • improve your overall health,

you need to start cooking the right meals and eat the correct quantities. Gone are the days where you can microwave a prepared packaged meal or set an oven timer for a commercial frozen product. While you can still do these things on occasion, you need to be preparing your meals yourself most of the time for the best results. Then you will know the exact content and quantities.

Cooking takes time and we are not all enthusiastic about it. But who said it has to be complicated? Find your staple foods and mix them together …

  • vegetables and whole-wheat pasta are easy to cook.
  • Most meats and proteins are quickly cooked on a stove. And a
  • slow cooker is incredibly efficient, so use one when you can.

Also, why not cook your meals for the entire week on a Sunday? Set aside a few hours and finish all of your weekly cooking at once. Separate cooked portions into Tupperware containers for each day of the week.

Healthy eating is essential, whether we like it or not. There is no avoiding it if we are to be in good shape and extremely live a long, healthy life.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Persistent Organic Pollutants and Gestational Diabetes

In 2013 the Environmental Health Perspectives reported when all studies on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) were combined, the pollutants were linked to Type 2 diabetes. Could Gestational diabetes of diabetes of pregnancy have the same link? A study at Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Iran says the answer is “yes.”

According to the journal Environmental Research POPs called polychlorinated Biphenyls or PCBs and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers or PBDEs had been found in the blood of women with first-time pregnancies and no health history or family history of diabetes. Seventy women who had been diagnosed with Gestational diabetes and 70 women without diabetes diagnosed during their pregnancy, donated blood for the research. The Gestational diabetes group of women had higher levels of both POPs, and the risk of Gestational diabetes was highest in the women with the highest level of POPs. From these results, the scientists concluded exposure to the POPs studied was linked with Gestational diabetes.

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency PBDEs are used as flame retardants in the following products …

  • plastics,
  • furniture,
  • upholstery,
  • electrical equipment,
  • electronic devices,
  • textiles,
  • various other household products.

PBDE's are released into the soil, water, and air, by manufacturing processes and can leach into the ground from waste sites. Seafood can contain the chemicals due to ocean pollution.

PCB's were banned in 1979 but persist in the environment. They were used for a wide range of products including …

  • electrical equipment,
  • heat transfer tools,
  • hydraulic machines,
  • pigments and dyes,
  • copy paper.

Products made before 1979 may still contain PCBs and can be encountered in products such as floor finishes, oil-based paints, and hydraulic oils.They cycle between air, earth, and water. Small animals and fish accumulate them.

Avoid PCBs in the environment by …

  • not eating fish and sea mammals, or
  • not frying in or eating fat where PCBs have been stored,
  • avoiding meat, or at least
  • removing the fat. PCBs are stored in all fat.

Vegetarian and vegan diets are often stated as being the best eating plans for Type 2 diabetics to follow. Fish is known for its omega fatty acids, but the fats are made by plants. Fish get the fats by eating algae. Cows take in fat when they eat fresh grass but get little or none from being fed hay.

Vegetable sources of omega fatty acids include …

  • soybeans,
  • soy milk,
  • flaxseed and flaxseed oil,
  • canola oil,
  • hemp seeds and hemp seed oil,
  • walnuts,
  • citrus fruits and cherries,
  • green leafy vegetables, including spinach, romaine lettuce, turnip greens, kale, and broccoli.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Use Optimism to Help Lower Your Blood Sugar and Body Weight

If a “magic pill” cure for Type 2 diabetes exists, we would love to discuss it in-depth. But unfortunately, it does not. The closest we can get to a cure is an intervention that would most likely involve drastic changes in the lifestyle of a person with Type 2 diabetes. But some people do not want to hear about lifestyle changes and do not want to know about its existence. But good nutrition and moderate exercise are even more efficient in people age sixty and older than in younger people.

The last thing you need, however, is a pessimistic approach. Whether you are seeking to treat your condition or not, it is wise not to allow a sense of gloom take over. High and unstable blood sugar levels can be unexpectedly deadly, especially for the unprepared. But even knowing this, you should not get down on yourself. Even if the days of being lean and completely healthy are behind you, motivated people who start making lifestyle changes can reap tremendous health benefits almost immediately.

Long-term change can be difficult: this is why it is smart to seek help when you need it. It is hard work to reverse obesity and bring your blood sugar down to a healthy range and keep them there, but if it took ten years to become overweight, it will take some time to recover the slim body you had ten years ago. And even when you lower your blood sugar levels through healthy eating, you may not regain the complete health profile you had as a young adult. But that's okay. You have to focus on what you can control. And it is entirely in your hands to do what is necessary to be a healthy 45 or 55-year-old, or whatever your age may be.

You see, what is most important is to be optimistic. If you are not the type of person who sees a glass of water as being half full, you must work at changing that. You need to see the positives and avoid lodging on the negatives. You can certainly acknowledge the latter, but only as a means of helping you address your issues.

What we mean by this is your current circumstances, there is a way out. Type 2 diabetes can be managed and treated successfully. Weight loss is capable for everyone. If you commit to making changes to your food choices and add physical activity to your day, you will increase the issues with both your blood sugar and weight. But only if you persevere.

Being optimistic can help you through your struggles. Do not get down on yourself. View shortcomings as learning experiences. And stay with your goal because your goal is worth achieving.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Are You Experiencing Diabetes Burnout?

It is no secret Type 2 diabetes is quickly becoming the largest epidemic of our time. If you have been diagnosed with this form of diabetes, how can you avoid becoming another statistic in the diabetes epidemic? If you have been recently diagnosed, then the talk of high blood sugar levels is still reliably new to you, even if the development of the condition took place over several years. If you were diagnosed many years ago, however, you are at a different stage, where you are more likely encountering more difficulties than a newly diagnosed diabetic.

High blood sugar levels can lead to crippling health issues, and this is well understood. But it is also frustrating because blood sugar levels can take more effort to manage than most people realize. You have to stay on top of them with …

  • healthy eating,
  • exercise on 5 days a week,
  • blood sugar testing,
  • doctor's appointments,
  • medications, and
  • even your doubts.

It is common for people to think they are not capable of seeing themselves handling their condition successfully. Just like reaching a diagnosis of full-blown Type 2 diabetes takes years to develop, it can take a little time to find and understand the latest information on the best foods and diet strategies for managing insulin resistance. Expecting your health situation to recover suddenly is incredibly unrealistic since your best efforts.

But do not fret. Is there a rule that says you should reverse Type 2 diabetes within a set period? And is there anyone who suggests it is supposed to be easy? Expect to struggle, but also plan to overcome. Type 2 diabetes can be managed and treated successfully.

Many people with Type 2 diabetes experience varied degrees of burnout at some point. Frustration, confusion, and even a mild surrender are common when dealing with such a complex health issue. When you refuse to look at your blood sugar out of grief and frustration, you may be experiencing diabetic burnout. You suddenly stop caring about managing your condition, which brings you to submit to the various complications despite the harm involved.

The occasional burnout is acceptable – as long as it is short-lived. We are not perfect, and we are going to stumble at times. But we have to learn from our failures: this means if you are experiencing burnout, you must be aware of what's happening sooner rather than later.

Treating Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong commitment. It is not expected to be easy, and it is not going to happen overnight. But it is going to be worth the time and effort because the health rewards are not only desirable but also essential to a long life.

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How Can One Naturally Lower Their Blood Sugar Without Drugs?

Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, has become a very common heath problem. Largely there are two types of diabetes that are known.ie

· Type 1 diabetes in which the body does not produce insulin

· Type 2 diabetes in which the body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin that is produced does not work properly.

Although the correct medication is required to regulate the blood sugar, there are few other steps you can take to get it under control, without resorting to drugs. Some of these remedies are well within your reach and in-fact some are present right in your kitchen.

Getting a regular Blood Sugar Test is one part of managing your diabetes successfully. Your blood sugar is tested both pre and post meal (ie before and after). This allows you to see how the meal affects your blood glucose levels and helps you to understand which meals may be best for your blood glucose control.

Low glucose, other called hypoglycemia, can be an unsafe condition. Low glucose can happen in individuals with diabetes who take medicines that expansion insulin levels in the body. Taking an excess of medicine, skipping dinners, eating not as much as expected, or practicing more than expected can prompt low glucose for these people.

Glucose is otherwise called glucose. Glucose originates from sustenance and serves as an imperative vitality hotspot for the body. Starches – sustenances, for example, rice, potatoes, bread, tortillas, grain, natural product, vegetables, and milk – are the body's primary wellspring of glucose.

The next part is to consult your diabetes specialist for further assistance on diet and medication to keep your glucose levels within the blood sugar range.

Low glucose, other called hypoglycemia, can be an unsafe condition. Low glucose can happen in individuals with diabetes who take meds that expansion insulin levels in the body. Taking an excess of solution, skipping dinners, eating not as much as would be expected, or practicing more than expected can prompt low glucose for these people.

Ways to Lower Blood Sugar Naturally

You can lower your blood sugar levels without drugs by using supplements and making a few simple, yet effective lifestyle changes.

  • Get some light exercise regularly and usually the effects are seen within an hour. Exercise really helps to lower your blood glucose
  • Practicing breathing exercises will keep a check on your stress levels and ultimately result in lower blood sugar levels
  • You need to get adequate sleep to keep the blood sugar level in control.
  • Taking smaller meals in a day. This helps you to break your carbohydrates, proteins and fats in the right proportion and avoids the problem of overeating, historically keeping your body weight in control.

Lower Blood Sugar without drugs

You can include supplements in your diet and which will reliably bring down your sugar levels quickly.

  • You can take Cinnamon in the form of powder by adding it to your food or taking it as a supplement in the form of capsule. It has been noticed that cinnamon reduces blood sugar. Dosages of up to six grams per day can reduce blood sugar and other diabetes risk factors.
  • Most of us include Curry Leaves in our diet, it is believed that curry leaves contain an ingredient that reduces the rate at which starch is broken down to glucose in diabetics. So, you can simply chew about 10 fresh curry leaves daily in the morning. Also, it helps reduce high cholesterol and obesity
  • From time immemorial the benefits of Neem are well known. Apart from having anti-bacterial activity, this plant also has anti-diabetic activity, antimalarial, antifertility and antioxidant effects.
  • The delicate and tender Mango leaves can be used to treat diabetes by regulating insulin levels in the blood. They can also help improve blood lipid profiles.
  • Bitter Gourd helps increase pancreatic insulin secretion and prevents insulin resistance. Thus, bitter gourd is beneficial for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
  • Indian Blackberry or Jamun, each part of the plant such as the leaves, berry and seeds can be used by those suffering from diabetes. In fact, research has shown that the fruits and seeds of this plant have hypoglycemic effects as they help reduce blood and urine sugar levels rapidlyly
  • Other home remedies that are rich in vitamins and fiber are Guava, Ladies Finger and Indian Gooseberry (Amla)

While there is no cure for diabetes, with your blood sugar level under control you can live a totally normal life.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Higher HbA1c During Pregnancy May Predict Full-Blown Diabetes

After being diagnosed with Gestational diabetes or diabetes of pregnancy, women have 3 to 7 times the risk of developing full-blown Type 2 diabetes within the following 7 to 10 years. Predicting the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes could be helpful in knowing which women to watch closely post delivery.

In June of 2018, the medical journal Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice reported workers at Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa, found a link between HbA1c levels in women with Gestational diabetes and their risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The investigators compared HbA1c levels in 78 women diagnosed with Gestational diabetes four weeks before delivering their infant. Six to twelve weeks later the women who had HbA1c levels of 6.2 percent and 6.5 percent four weeks before delivery developed Type 2 diabetes more often than the women who had recorded lower levels.

Women with HbA1c levels of at least 6.5 percent were five times more likely to develop full-blown diabetes than women with lower HbA1c levels.

From the above results, the researchers concluded women who developed diabetes during their pregnancy and had an HbA1c level of at least 6.5 percent at four weeks before delivery, are at an exceptionally high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes six weeks later.

The current recommendation is to have Type 2 diabetes screening six weeks to three months after delivery and to repeat the testing every one to two years. According to the above study, this is primarily a concern for women with HbA1c levels of 6.5 percent one month before delivery.

Keeping the HbA1c levels below 6.5 percent with Gestational diabetes, like controlling all types of diabetes, involves …

  • diet,
  • exercise, and
  • medications.

The appropriate amount of weight to gain during pregnancy depends on the mother's weight before conception …

  • the doctor or midwife can recommend the proper number of pounds to gain, weighing the patient at each prenatal visit.
  • most weight should be added during the last half of the pregnancy.
  • the care provider can recommend a diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in processed meats, red meats, and pure sugar.
  • physical activity can be performed even in women who have not exercised before conception. Safe exercises include those that do not require a good sense of balance or body contact.

Insulin used to be the standard medication for treating Gestational diabetes, but now some of the oral medications are prescribed as well.

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Type 2 Diabetes – How to Change Your Eating Behavior

Your eating behavior matters. Most people will know this, but some will underestimate the extent of its importance. You must take your eating habits seriously. Why? You eat 365 days a year. On each of those days, you will make many small and significant dining decisions. Your patterns will be a part of those choices. If your choices are mostly healthy, it is going to have a positive effect, and vice versa. Each day matters, especially as you age.

If you are overweight or have high blood sugar, you probably would not be wrong to blame your eating behavior immediately. Most of the time it is a handy of poor habits that may be jeopardizing your health and well-being.

So the question is, how to change your eating behavior? First, you must identify where you are at fault, and address every issue without fail. Read on, and determine whether you are guilty of the following …

Always eating when you feel hungry. It is normal to feel hungry now and then, especially when you are not eating between meals (the best way to make weight loss progress). However, it is counterproductive to eat every time you feel the urge to snack on something. Discipline yourself to wait until your next meal, and do not snack in between. If you have to eat something, fruit or a small non-flavored yogurt is fine, but a pastry or bowl of cereal is not.

Drinking calories. Calories are not always an issue. If you can control your intake, you can learn to lose weight while still enjoying some of your favorite foods.

However, you must be careful with the calories you drink. They quickly add up and do not contribute to satiety in any way. Often, they elevate your blood sugar needlessly, which means people with Type 2 diabetes especially should avoid caloric drinks.

This is not to say you can not ever have a juice with your meals or enjoy a glass of wine. Just do these things on occasion, and not as a habit.

Not cooking your main meals. Cooking at home is crucial. It is more conducive to eating healthy meals, and you are more likely to enjoy your meal after the work you put in. It also allows you to choose the ingredients you consume. Avoid fast foods and processed meals as much as possible. Again, you can still have them in your diet; make sure they are not staples.

Not having two traditional meals per day. It is unfortunate many people still believe three, four, or more meals a day are the best way to eat. For the vast majority of people, this is wrong. It is unnecessary, leaves you prone to overeating, and keeps your blood sugar elevated through the whole day.

Two traditional meals a day are the way to go, at least until you are in great health. At that point, you can make tweaks, but do not be surprised if you find yourself sticking to two main meals.

The list above is far from comprehensive but should be enough to get you started.

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Type 2 Diabetes and Healthy Eating – Smart Snack Ideas To Add To Your Diet Plan

If you are someone who is dealing with Type 2 diabetes and looking to stabilize your blood sugar levels, it is vital you are always looking after your nutrition. If you fail to eat the right meals – and snacks for that matter; there is a good chance your blood sugar level will get out of control.

Fortunately, it does not have to feel like it is impossible to come up with a few tasty snacks that will work well to keep you feeling your best. Let us look at a few delicious and nutritious snack foods that are great for the diabetic dieter …

1. Pears And Cheese . Apples seem to get all the attention and while an apple is definitely a healthy and nutritious fruit, so is a pear. Moreover, pears can taste just as good with cheese as an apple does.

Pears are going to provide a good dose of fiber along with vitamin C, so will help keep your immune system at its best too.

2. Cheesy Toast. If you are a lover of cheese, take note it is not necessary to avoid cheese entirely. You need to turn to lighter versions of cheese, which will be naturally sugar-free and offers a healthy fat / protein combination.

Try melting a little cheese over some toasted Ezekiel bread, which is also a good source of slow digesting carbohydrates, and you will be all set.

3. Apples and Peanut Butter. So, apple makes its way into the equation after all. Smearing a little natural peanut butter – or almond if you prefer, onto your apple is a perfect well-balanced snack that will come in at around 200 calories.

It is going to provide you with a healthy mix of all three macronutrients; protein, fat, and carbs, plus a little-added fiber.

4. Fruit Parfait. Finally, do not overlook a delicious fruit parfait. To prepare this …

  • slice some berries,
  • dollop some Greek yogurt into a bowl, and then
  • top with the berries along with a few nut pieces.

It is crunchy, it is sweet, and it is creamy. What more could you ask for?

Just be sure you are purchasing plain Greek yogurt rather than a fruit-flavored variety, which will come packed with excess sugar you do not need.

These delicious snacks will help make your day feel so much better so why not considering trying one of these the next time hunger strikes. All take less than five minutes to prepare and will help you take your diet plan up a notch or two.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Proper Oral Hygiene Can Help Prevent Severe Disease

Taking care of your teeth could be worth more to you than a perfect smile. According to researchers at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais and the Universidade de Taubate in Brazil, it could help keep you out of the intensive care unit (ICU).

Their study reported on in May through August of 2018 in the Brazilian Dental Journal, examined 182 patients in an ICU. A total of 48.3 percent of the patients who were studied suffered from periodontitis, inflammation of the gums and surrounding tissues, including the bone under the teeth.

The patients diagnosed with periodontitis, those with two or more all-over body diseases, and those with heart and blood vessel disease had high levels of IL-1, a molecule that raises the body temperature and reads the body to fight microbial invaders.

High levels of IL-1 are linked with severity of heart and blood vessel disease …

  • IL-1 is produced by white blood cells, skin cells, and inner blood vessel cells. When it is present, it indicates inflation, a concern because conditions such as Type 2 diabetes are diseases related to the inflammatory state.

The participants with two or more all-over body diseases also had higher levels of IL-6, as did the participants with Type 2 diabetes …

  • IL-6 is produced by white blood cells and is pro-inflammatory although, interestingly, it is anti-inflammatory in muscle tissue.

Type 2 diabetes patients are intolerable to plaque, formed by bacteria in the mouth, as well as periodontitis and heart and blood vessel disease …

  • high levels of sugar in the mouth feed bacteria.
  • poorly controlled diabetes can lead to a dry mouth, without enough saliva to wash away the bacteria.

As plaque becomes worse, gums can become inflamed and recede, a condition known as gingivitis. As the inflammation streams to connective tissue and bone periodontitis develops. Periodontitis is the most common cause of tooth loss, and risk of the disease goes up with aging.

People diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes need to become dedicated to tooth care . A soft toothbrush should be used after every meal, and flossing needs to be performed twice a day. Brushing and flossing before bed are helpful because it leaves the teeth, gums, and mouth clean for an extended period. Type 2 diabetics need to be seen by their dentists twice a year or as prescribed by their doctor and dentist. It is rewarding to know proper oral hygiene can help prevent sever disease.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Take Control: It’s Your Life

You may be in a tough situation. You are overweight, have high blood pressure, and high blood cholesterol readings and based on what your doctor has told you; you have every reason to panic. How could you have waited so long to do something about these issues?

You may have Type 2 diabetes. You should have visited the doctor when you first realized something was not right. You were taking more trips to the bathroom, or you felt tingling in your feet and fingers. Now, who knows what sort of damage has occurred. You fear for your well-being. These are just two scenarios of an endless number that afflict individuals all around the world. Are they fixable? Many are. That is the only fact that matters at this point. However, nobody can fix it but the individual.

Only you can right your wrongs. Only you can do what is necessary to get your health back on track. Perhaps you have not thought about someone else fixing your problems for you. Sure, it would be great, but it is far from a realistic anticipation. What you may be guilty of, however, is being a bystander to your health – and not intervening while your health issues unfolded.

The past is no more. The future is coming. What will you do about it? It is your life to live, and the decisions are yours to make. The best others can do is give you advice. They can attempt to boost your spirits. However, know any motivation others provide is fleeting. The motivation driving you forward must be internal; it must be yours.

If you lack the motivation to get started or to keep going, ask yourself what you stand to lose. Go over one thing at a time …

  • If your cardiovascular disease is at risk, there is much concern in this area as it is. Are you comfortable with the feeling you could have a fatal heart attack without warning? How about a stroke? It is a rhetorical question, but your degree of fear will vary. Is it enough to get you to act to improve your health and reduce your risk of severe complications?
  • if you have Type 2 diabetes, many, many problems could have arisen, many of which are fatal.

By going over the consequences, you should find the motivation you need.

Moreover, remember: it is your life. You only have one to live. Do not wait until a terrible moment to be reminded of this fact.

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