Type 2 Diabetes – Is There A Six Month Transition Time Before A Diabetes Diagnosis Is Made?

According to recent research published in July 2017 in the online journal PLOS ONE, a critical six-month transition phase occurs in people before they can be diagnosed with full-blown Type 2 diabetes. Scientists at Stanford University in Palo Alto, United States, and various other institutions in China studied 7,334 participants from the Maine (USA) State Health Information Exchange. The researchers looked at all the medical records dating back to 24 months before the Type 2 diabetes diagnosis was made. They found a critical period of six months prior to the diagnosis, a time when it might be possible to head off the disease.

In March of 2014, the journal Brief Bioinformatics reported on a similar study from the University of Shanghai in China. Their dynamic network biomarker (DNB) includes molecules that drive the body's state from normal to diabetic. Molecules found in the liver, fat, and muscle tissue have to do with …

  • insulin resistance, the cause of Type 2 diabetes,
  • with inflammation, and with
  • hormone-making.

Certain genes were found to be turned on before Type 2 diabetes was able to be detected. The researchers are optimistic about finding a way to diagnose the transition to Type 2 diabetes before it takes place.

Being able to diagnose the transition to this form of diabetes is interesting but unknowingly to be readily available soon. The cost is bound to be prohibitive, and a biopsy of the liver, fat, and muscles is not part of a regular examination and laboratory panel. Doctors will have to make a decision on which of their patients should have the testing and how often: such as testing every six months in those people with some of the risk factors. Until tissue testing becomes common, we will need to rely on blood sugar levels and HbA1c readings for screening and diagnosis.

Risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes include …

  • a family history in parents or siblings,
  • being overweight or obese,
  • leading a sedentary lifestyle,
  • being aged over 40,
  • belonging to a particular race such as African, Hispanic, American Indian, Asian, and Pacific Islander,
  • having a history of Gestational or pregnancy-related diabetes in the past 5 to 10 years,
  • giving birth to a child weighing 9 pounds or more.
  • having been either overweight or underweight at birth,
  • having a mother who had been diagnosed with Gestational diabetes.

The American Association of Family Practice recommends screening overweight and obese individuals 40 to 70 years of age every three years. The American Diabetes Association has much the same recommendation, screening at 45 years of age and every three years after that. Of course, the recommendations apply to healthy people as well. If high blood sugar levels are suspected, then testing is appropriate at any age.

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Type 2 Diabetes – How Walnuts Affect the Brain Could Help You Resist Chocolate Cake

One of the tenets of science is learning the mechanism of how something works and helps with knowing it does work. Walnuts are recommended for helping to control weight and blood sugar levels. A new study shows exactly how walnuts work.

Small parts of the brain, called the left and right insula, is a section of the cerebral cortex and is located at the base of the Sylvian fissure. The insula is involved in the processing and control of …

  • emotions,
  • memory,
  • taste, and the

craving for food among other things.

It was found people who had damage to their insula were able to stop smoking. Now scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, United States, have found a connection between eating walnuts and the right insula.

In July of 2017, the journal Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism reported on a study of ten participants. Some of these participants were given a smoothie with walnuts while others consumed a smoothie without eating any nuts. Magnetic resonance imaging took images of the brain of each participant. The people who were given walnuts to eat not only reduced their appetite but showed differences in their right insula. The way these nuts work on a person's appetite is apparently due to an ability to make changes in the brain.

One ounce, or 28 grams, of walnuts, has 185 calories. That is the bad news. The good news is the same ounce provides the following nutrients, written as percents of your daily needs, based on a 2000 calorie per day diet …

  • calcium … 3
  • iron … 5
  • fiber … 8
  • Vitamin B … 8
  • folate … 7
  • riboflavin … 2
  • pantothenic acid … 2

It also provides 2565 Omega-3 fatty acids, thought to be heart-healthy.

A small hand of walnuts can make an ideal afternoon snack before dinner, or toss them onto your breakfast oatmeal to help keep you going all morning without the munchies. Rawfoodrecipes.com suggests making a salad with …

  • spinach leaves,
  • walnuts,
  • avocados,
  • cranberries
  • coconut balsamic vinegar,
  • honey,
  • mustard, and
  • pepper.

Watch portion sizes on this one. Avocados are also high in fat, albeit healthy fat. One cup of cranberries contains 4 grams of sugar.

Vegangela.com offers stuffed walnut recipe that includes …

  • portobello mushrooms,
  • olive oil,
  • tamari,
  • onion,
  • garlic,
  • walnuts,
  • spinach,
  • sage,
  • thyme,
  • nutritional yeast,
  • breadcrumbs,
  • vegetable broth or water,
  • pepper, and
  • red bell pepper.

Wholelivinglauren.com has a recipe for making pesto, a green sauce used for pasta (whole wheat). It calls for …

  • walnuts,
  • garlic,
  • basil, and
  • olive oil.

Pesto is said to date back to the days of the Roman Empire and was used throughout Europe during the Middle Ages. Enjoy!

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Type 2 Diabetes – The Key To Success Is Internal Motivation

To be motivated means you have the desire to bring about something you desire but it's been said you must be careful with motivation. Initially, it may seem like there are no problems with motivation but as many things, there are pros and cons. If you are not careful, you are going to make the common mistake of focusing on the former while neglecting the disadvantages.

When it comes to health and well-being, you have to put in the work. Whether it is now or in the near future, there will be a time where you will need to stop procrastinating and fix your health issues, even if they are minor. Since the odds are against us as we age, this moment is inevitable. While we can only delay particular problems for so long, it is within our capacity to be healthy for as long as possible. To accept the onset of preventable diseases early there would be a deep shame which is why it is critical to …

  • drop those pounds,
  • fix your health problems, and
  • start eating healthily

as soon as possible.

If you have decided to act, you may be looking for motivation. But do not make the mistake of looking in the wrong places or worse, hoping it is the solution to your problem. If you want to make changes to your lifestyle because you no longer want to be overweight or want to get rid of high blood sugar readings and Type 2 diabetes, you have internal motivation. If your motivation is internal, it is going to get you started. And if it is powerful enough it is going to keep you going until you succeed with your goals.

Once you get started, however, do not try to look for added motivation. Any motivation not coming from an internal source is external. External motivation is fleeting, and it provides false hope and temporary relief. The biggest problem with need motivation is it means you are looking to convince yourself to stay on track. If you need the motivation to achieve your goals, it means you did not want to succeed badly enough, to begin with. And guess what, all the motivation in the world can not help you overcome the challenges required to obtain something you do not desire.

There are limits to motivation. Looking for it is futile. When you have it, you know it. When the impulse is internal, you are more likely to succeed with your health goals because you want to change. But if you have to convince yourself to make changes, make sure it is not to fill a void you do not wholeheartedly want to fill.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Be A Tortoise, Not A Hare, to Help Reduce Your Diabetes Risk

The hare is quick. Like rabbits, they are fast-moving creatures. Tortoises, on the other hand, are anything but quick. Similar to sloths, no matter how hard they try there is a limit to how fast they can move. Now if we suggest you should move like a tortoise and not a haare when it comes to making changes to your lifestyle, you might get the impression we are advocating sluggishness over quickness. That is not the case. The difference comes down to efficiency.

In simple terms, trying to change too much too quickly is a risk you should not take. Changing your lifestyle to improve your health and body weight requires sustainable changes. Rarely is something great achieved in a hurry and also be sustainable. Implementing slow and gradual changes are in your favor because they create progress you can maintain. It is a more efficient way to build momentum and, in turn, will ultimately bring you greater results.

Let us examine this idea from a fat loss perspective. To lose weight, you know you have to make changes to your eating plan. It also helps if you work out because exercising is a useful tool, and it should be a staple in your lifestyle anyway. Be proud of yourself if you have started to make changes to your diet. If you have begun making exercise a habit, know you are on the right track.

Even with these significant steps forward, be careful with how aggressively you strive to change. Remember it is gradual changes that prove to be most effective in the long run. Do not overextend yourself. A common mistake is suddenly ramping up the intensity and volume of an exercise program. Many people start to get into an exercise routine for the first time in years and realize how great it feels. Since results are just around the corner, they begin to exert themselves more, and more. It soon becomes too much, because willpower has its limits. When you imposes an excessive burden on yourself, fatigue sets in and it is just a matter of time before burnout results. Going to extremes ends up being the reason why many people abandon their goals.

Sometimes, less is more: this is why you should think like the tortoise. Slow and steady determination wins the race. There is such a thing as being overzealous, and it tends to prove costly. Beside, if you commit to gradual changes to both your diet and physical activity, you will develop habits that will stick. On its own, this would be a victory because there is nothing more compelling than yielding long-term results that start out halting any upward weight creep and ends up with reducing your weight by fifteen pounds that will lower your Type 2 diabetes risk by almost 60 percent. And most people find the longer they keep their weight off the easier it becomes and the new habits become more firmly ingrained.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Slowing the Progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease

One severe and all-too-common complication of Type 2 diabetes is kidney disease and their consequent failure. Diabetic kidney disease is diagnosed by a test that looks for aluminum, or the presence of protein in the urine. Albumin is a molecule usually found in the blood. When the kidneys filter blood, they keep the aluminum in the bloodstream where it belongs. When the kidneys begin spilling aluminum into the urine, a condition called aluminumuria results. If it is allowed to go on or become worse, the kidneys can always shut down altogether. When that happens, the diabetic needs dialysis (artificial kidney), or a kidney transplant. When the diabetic receives a diagnosis of albuminuria, they are also in danger of having or developing heart and blood vessel disease.

In July of 2017, the Journal of the American Heart Association reported on a study performed at the Harvard Medical School in the United States. Two molecules, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements were found to be helpful for controlling albuminuria.

A total of 262 Type 2 diabetics with an average age of 63 years were included in the study. For one year the participants were either given …

  • Lovaza, a supplement containing EPA and DHA, or
  • the usual treatment.

Most of the 262 Type 2 diabetics treated coronary artery disease as well. Coronary artery disease, often abbreviated to CAD, is blockage of the coronary arteries. The coronary arteries feed oxygenated blood to the heart muscle, giving the heart the ability to pump. When the coronary arteries become blocked the heart becomes ischemic, or oxygen-starved. This can result in loss of heart muscle and even death.

At the end of the abovementioned study, the participants not receiving Lovaza showed worsened aluminumuria over the course of the year . It was found the participants who were taking the supplement stayed the same. These were the results for the diabetic participants taking drugs called ACE inhibitors, for kidney and blood pressure issues, as well as for those not taking ACE inhibitors.

The scientists concluded EPA and DHA supplementation demonstrated promise for saving the kidneys in Type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease …

  • DHA and EPA are among the molecules known as omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Lovaza is composed of fish oil.

Other good sources of omega-3 fatty acids include algae and flaxseed oils. Omega-3 fatty acids from plants are different from the ones found in fish, but the body converts the flaxseed fatty acids to DHA and EPA. The conversion can be inefficient if the whole diet is not taken into account. In view of this, it is advisable people with Type 2 diabetics with CAD see a nutritionist for a healthy eating plan where conversion of the flaxseed fatty acids becomes more efficient.

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Type 2 Diabetes – The Impact of Diabetes

Have you been recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes? And yes, there are reasons why you should feel upset. But take comfort in knowing this form of diabetes is a disease over which you can exercise a large amount of control. Whether you have just been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes or have been living with the disease for several years, diabetes is a disease that can be reversed and controlled. Do not think of yourself as a victim: think of yourself as a person who has choices to make.

Being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes is far from the worst that could happen to you. Think positively. Even small changes in your lifestyle can help you better manage the effects of high blood sugar levels. Blood sugar levels are manageable, and if you act accordingly, you can return to good health.

Be thankful you found out about your health issue when you did. Imagine if your diabetes went unnoticed for a longer period. The internal damage could have been worse: your blood sugar might have reached a higher range. Diabetes is invisible, and you have probably already been living with it for several years.

It is time to think constructively. Becoming aware of having Type 2 diabetes is the first step to recovery. The second step is learning about the disease, understanding the risk factors. If you only know the basics, you may have to do some reading to find out how men and women with this form of diabetes may choose to take control over the management of the disease.

Next, comes an intervention. If you have not made significant lifestyle changes to date, it is recommended you seek the assistance of professionals …

  • a doctor who is knowledgeable about Type 2 diabetes,
  • a nutritionist, and
  • a personal trainer

are a few of the experts who can help you get started with managing your health. Good diabetic care is based on the patient's knowledge. The day-to-day monitoring and management of diabetes is in your hands.

If at any time you feel a lack of motivation to continue, remind yourself of what is at stake: the quality of your health. When your health hangs in the balance, everything else becomes trivial.

Being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes is not the end of the world. If you commit to a healthier life starting today, you seize the opportunity to prevent the long-term complications of diabetes such as heart and blood circulation problems, and challenges involving the eyes, kidneys, and feet.

Keep your chin up. Even though you have had better times, you can still make the most of your situation. If having the opportunity to reverse Type 2 diabetes is not a good thing, what is?

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The Secret Of Insider Tips About Diabetes Type II

Diabetes is among the current top killer diseases worldwide. Diabetes is a condition blood sugar deviates from the normal level. It is a life to death disease. Diabetes type II results from insulin not being used by the cells. Insulin is a hormone produced to keep blood sugar level at normal by pancreatic cells. Sugar builds up results from the resistance of the cells to insulin.

Causes of Diabetes type II

  • Lifestyle and genetic factors are the major causes of type II development. However, different things / conditions may lead to diabetes type II.These include;
  • Obesity / overweight. If you happen to have abdominal / stomach fat, your weight may cause insulin resistance by the cells.
  • High volume of glucose release from the liver. Your liver manufactures glucose in large quantities when your blood sugar level is low. The liver stores the glucose manufactured after eating. Your blood sugar level rises. However, some liver's do not store the sugars.
  • Gene's.Research evidence indicates parts of your DNA strands determine the body functioning to insulin production.
  • Broken Beta cells. High blood sugar levels damage beta cells. If the pancreatic cells are responsible for the production of insulin releases abnormal amounts when not required, your blood sugar level increases.
  • Cell function. If pancreatic cells do not coordinate well with other body cells, insulin manufacture is misinterpreted, leading to diabetes as a result of the chain reactions.
  • Metabolic syndrome. If body cells are resistant to insulin, you are likely to develop high blood pressure and belly fat which in return increases your blood sugar level.

Risk factors for diabetes type II

Diabetes risk factors are either under your control or beyond human control. Risk factors beyond human control include;

  1. Age.Mainly people with 45 years or more are former to diabetes type II.
  2. Heredity. If you come from a family lineage that has had diabetes, chances of developing the disease are high.
  3. Geographical location. Belly fat to geographical location, with Indians and Pacific Islanders having 100% belly fat, followed by Europeans and Africans at 60-80% belly fat and Japanese and Chinese at 30% belly fat. Those without belly fat have a high waist to hip ratio.

Some risk factors directly link with health and medical issues. These include;

  • Heart and blood vessel disease. You are likely to develop diabetes type II if you had / the disease.
  • Obesity. It is upon you to reduce your excess weight to avoid being predisposed to diabetes. Overweight and diabetes are linked.
  • Pre-diabetes. If you happen to have diabetes type I, it is easier to develop diabetes type II.
  • High blood pressure. The disease poses you to diabetes if even there is medication.
  • Gestational diabetes. Common to ladies. If you had pre-diabetes while pregnant, it is easier to develop diabetes type II.
  • Depression can also lead to the development of diabetes type II. Depression hinders normal functioning of body cells, increases blood pressure as and blood sugar level to cater for the high demand.

Risk factors associated with lifestyle and daily routines include;

  • Lack of exercises or performing little exercises than required. Carryout exercises on a daily basis to shed weight. You reduce diabetes risks by half.
  • Stress. Avoid stress as much as possible to control developing diabetes.
  • Alcohol / smoking. Quit smoking and alcohol to avoid gaining weight or moderate their use if quitting is difficult.
  • Less sleeping hours / oversleeping. Make sure you get enough time to sleep and get active when required.

Symptoms of diabetes type II

  • Being thirsty always more than normal thirst.
  • Urinating frequently.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Having fatigue always.
  • Getting wounds that are not healing.
  • Increased anger.
  • Increased hunger.

Diabetes type II has no cure, and you live with it until death. The disease can be preceded by adopting a healthy lifestyle and exercising regularly.Follow your doctor's prescription if you are on medication and avoid skipping meals.

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Diabetes and Obesity – How Are They Related?

Over the past 20 years, the global epidemic of obesity explains the dramatic increase in the incidence and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes. The precaution reasons that link the two conditions are – blur and yet, excess weight is an established risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Many times, obese individuals do not develop type 2 diabetes.

Here, let's explore the various causes of obesity and how it is linked to diabetes:

What causes obesity?

Several genes in your body play a part in causing obesity. A person's genetic makeup can result in a predisposition to becoming obese. This means that that person may be particularly susceptible to becoming obese through experiencing risk factors in their life which include high calorie intake or high fat foods. Lack of exercise is also another major factor leading to obesity. You may inherit certain conditions such as your general body type that includes where your body deposits fat. Your environment plays a greater role than specific genes in a person's likelihood of becoming obese. This includes what enters your body through food and drinks. It is since important to maintain a balanced diet and exercise regularly.

What is diabetes?

In order to become a diabetic, there are two factors that need to be present. The first one is inheritance of a predisposition to the disease and the second one is that the environment must trigger a response in your body. Only genes are not enough. It is important to know that Type 1 diabetes has a strong genetic component. Type 2 diabetes usually develops later in life. Type 2 diabetes, as mentioned earlier has two man risk factors – obesity and family history of the disease. Family history is one of the strongest risk factors for developing this disease. Especially if the individual is eating wrong – such as a diet that is high in fat and low in fiber. Not exercising could add to the risk of developing this disease.

How can you tell that you have diabetes?

One of the most common methods to determine if you are developing diabetes is either a blood or urine test. Other than these, you can check if you have developed certain other symptoms such as thirst, unexplained weight loss, excessive hunger and frequent urination. Other factors that you need to consider are advanced age or sedentary lifestyle and high blood pressure.

In conclusion, obesity seems to be one of the most important and a major independent risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is also the leading cause of other ailments in the human body such as kidney failure, non-traumatic lower limb amputations, blindness, heart diseases and stroke, high blood pressure, dental diseases, pregnancy complications and lots more. Usually, intensive lifestyle definitions and medication can slow down the development of type 2 diabetes. Improvement understanding of the heterogeneity of the disease can help increase the awareness and help control the development of obesity related complications. Obesity prevention and treatment will certainly benefit and reduce the incidence and care of type 2 diabetes.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Your Blood Pressure Reading May Predict Diabetic Retinopathy

In July of 2017, the online journal Scientific Reports (Nature) published an article on diabetic retinopathy and the importance to people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes of keeping on top of their blood pressure reading. Workers at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil studied five hundred and forty-four Type 2 diabetics who were at high risk for developing diabetic retinopathy, a severe eye disease. Over the course of six years, the participants had an annual eye examination. Their blood pressure reading was taken as they walked about their normal routines. Their aorta (artery from the heart to the rest of the body), was examined for stiffness. By the end of the study, one hundred and fifty-six of the participants either developed diabetic retinopathy or saw the condition grow worse. They had …

  • a higher blood pressure measurement,
  • a longer duration of having Type 2 diabetes,
  • a stiffer aorta,
  • poor blood sugar control, and
  • higher LDL (“bad”) cholesterol measurements.

than the participants without diabetic retinopathy.

Diastolic (lower number) blood pressure and high LDL were the measurements most severely linked with diabetic retinopathy.

To lower blood pressure …

  • engage in physical activity several times a week.
  • take your dog to the park.
  • go swimming.
  • walk up the stairs instead of taking the elevator.
  • park at the farthest reaches of the parking lot and walk to the shops.
  • normalize your weight or keep it in a healthy range.
  • take the blood pressure medication prescribed by your doctor.

To lower LDL …

  • eat different fruits, nuts, vegetables, and whole wheat products.
  • avoid fatty foods such as meat and dairy products.
  • cook with extra virgin olive or other vegetable oil instead of butter.

Diabetic retinopathy develops when sugar in the blood damages small arms in the back of the eye. New, weak, incompetent blood vessels proliferate. Sometimes there is boring into the eye's center. The condition often goes unnoticed until it has advanced adequately to cause sight issues. Usually, dots or lines (floaters) can be seen, problems with different colors are not marked as well as loss of vision.

Diabetic retinopathy is diagnosed by an ophthalmologic exam, which is one reason why regular eye exams are essential. When retinopathy is diagnosed, laser surgery can cauterize or stop troublesome blood vessels developing.

One study put together thirty-five earlier individual studies showing how much diabetic retinopathy exists in the world. The results shown about 34.6 percent of people diagnosed with diabetes have the condition. Preventing or controlling Type 2 diabetes protects many important parts of your body, and your eyesight is one of them. Unfortunately, many type 2 diabetics fail to take their condition seriously because it does not hurt. Your eyes are two good reasons to keep your blood sugar and body weight under control.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Three Keys to Preventing Diabetes

There is much debt as to whether or not Type 2 diabetes is a preventable disease. Some believe there is little that can be done to stop its development, as it is mostly defined by genetics. Some people are more predisposed to this form of diabetes, so the influence of genes is real. Certain ethnic come to mind, not to mention family history is also a proven factor.

Believing there is not a preventable component to developing Type 2 diabetes would be a misunderstanding. In fact, three factors can make a difference. Let us go over the reasons why the following are the three keys …

1. Maintaining a healthy weight. The benefit of maintaining a healthy body weight is often underestimated. It is not all about physique and waist size. Body weight is a reflection of one's internal health. When body weight becomes excessive, it is a sign the individual is carrying too much body fat. Not only does this jeopardize cardiovascular health, but it also impairs insulin function, facilitating the development of Type 2 Diabetes.

The first step to preventing Type 2 diabetes is maintaining an appropriate body weight.

2. Regular exercise. Exercise does not just help you burn calories. It has a direct effect on insulin function and blood sugar control. Anyone who works out will enjoy this benefit. What is more, almost any type of physical activity will work, as long as there is exertion and a mild sweat: this is why home workouts are never a bad idea.

The second step to preventing Type 2 diabetes is exercising regularly. Four times a week is ideal, but even three times will work.

3. Healthy eating. Lastly and sometimes most importantly comes healthy eating. We have all taken the effect of our food choices for granted. At some point, there is a price to pay, and it may be that moment that reminds you to start eating properly. Being diagnosed with prediabetes is often a warning of what is likely to come if changes to your lifestyle are not made.

Healthy eating is essential, whether you are looking to prevent diabetes or not. With that said, it can be considered more relevant for diabetics deliberating acting to avoid raising their blood sugar levels and body weight. For this reason, healthy eating is the third and most vital step to preventing, even controlling Type 2 diabetes.

Now you are familiar with the three keys to preventing Type 2 diabetes; you have the tools to make improvements. Even if your blood sugar is a minor concern, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, and eating well can only make a positive difference in your life.

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How to Control Acid Reflux

Heartburn usually kicks in when you lie down to sleep, especially after a heavy meal.

You wake up in the middle of the night with a fire in your throat and a sour taste in your mouth. A blob of something vile pops up from your stomach and you have to spit it out.

After you get rid of it, your throat feels sore and you sound hoarse when you talk. Sometimes you start to cough or your chest sounds wheezy.

What you have experienced is heartburn … which has nothing to do with your heart.

It happens when stomach acids, which you use to digest your food, flow back into your oesophagus (the long tube between your mouth and your stomach). These acids irritate and burn the lining of your oesophagus and throat.

Everyone experiences some heartburn now and then. But it can become chronic, ie recur constantly. If you experience heartburn a few times a week, it is likely you have gastroesophageal reflux disease, otherwise known in short as GORD (or GERD if you are American).

The chronic condition should be treated with seriousness for several vital reasons.

What chronic acid reflux (GORD) does to your body

The constant backflow of stomach acid into your oesophagus can lead to:

[1] Dental problems … stomach acids in the mouth can wreak havoc on tooth enamel, requiring more trips to the dentist than usual.

[2] Voice and throat problems … stomach acid in the throat can cause hoarseness and laryngitis, and even changes in the voice. However these problems tend to resolve easily when GORD is treated.

[3] Asthma … studies have found that up to 80% of patients with asthma also have chronic acid reflux. Whatever asthma causes GORD or chronic heartburn causes asthma is not known, but some medical scientists are of the opinion that acid that backs up from the stomach can get into the airways and damage them.

[4] Other respiratory problems … GORD has been statistically linked to other respiratory conditions including … chronic bronchitis, chronic cough, chronic sinusitis, emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis (scarring of the lung), and recurrent pneumonia.

[5] Narrowing of the oesophagus … chronic acid reflux can, over time, produce scarring (strictures) that narrow the opening of the oesophagus. This can make swallowing difficult. It can also cause oesophageal spasms that can mimic a heart attack (a frightening experience).

The weird thing is that people who develop strictures find a bit of relief from their heartburn … as the narrowing stops the stomach acids from refluxing into the oesophagus.

[6] Oesophagitis … the sensitive lining of the oesophagus can be injured by refluxing acid and this can cause a painful inflammation called oesophagitis. Sometimes the acid causes bleeding which, if it is heavy enough, it can pass into the digestive tract and show up as dark tarry stools.

Oesophagitis can also cause painful ulcers on the lining of the oesophagus.

[7] Barrett's oesophagus and cancer … in a small number of people, long-term acid reflux can lead to a condition (Barrett's oesophagus) in which abnormal cells take the place of cells damaged by the acid. These cells have the potential to turn cancerous.

Persons with Barrett's oesophagus have an increased risk of cancer of the oesophagus. This risk is increased if you smoke, are obese or are a white male over the age of 50.

A few decades ago, most cancers of the oesophagus were caused by cigarette smoking and alcohol. But over the last 15 years oesophageal and other cancers of the upper digestive tract caused by GORD have been developing into an epidemic. This is likely caused by changes in diets in the modern world.

Whatever the cause, it is obvious that putting a stop to the backflow is vital. There are many ways in which this can be done successfully once you understand what is going on.

What causes heartburn?

Your oesophagus joins your pharynx (at the back of your throat) to your stomach. A ring of muscle called the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES) controls the junction between the oesophagus and the stomach. The LES acts like a valve, opening and closing the entry to the stomach.

When you swallow the LES opens to allow the food or drink coming down the oesophagus to enter the stomach. The LES then closes to prevent the food and your digestive juices flowing back up the oesophagus. Each time you swallow, the LES relaxes and allows the food into your stomach.

Certain medical conditions can weak the LES and prevent it from closing properly after you swallow. These include:

  • Hiatal hernia (an abnormality where a part of the stomach slides up into the chest cavity)
  • Obesity
  • Some asthma medicines
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Delayed stomach emptying (a consequence of nerve damage, often due to diabetes)

Acid reflux statistics

In both Europe and America, chronic heartburn is becoming extremely broad, affecting one-third of the populations on both continents.

There is a strong link between chronic heartburn and being overweight. Research shows that people who are overweight are 50% more likely to have GORD compared to people who are at a healthy weight. People who are obese are 200% more likely to have the disease.

Diabetics are also likely to suffer from GORD. A study published in 2008 in the World Journal of Gastroenterology found that about 40% of people with diabetes suffer from chronic heartburn.

The researchers also found it to be more common in people with diabetes who also had neuropathy or nerve damage due to diabetes. In addition, the study showed that people with both diabetes and neuropathy were more likely to have the disease, regardless of their weight, compared to people without neuropathy.

Medical treatments for heartburn

Conventional doctors have several approaches to treating chronic heartburn.

Antacids such as Tums®, Maalox® and Rennies® are very popular. These products come in the form of tablets that you chew or dissolve in your mouth. They work by using simple mineral salts such as calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate to neutralize stomach acid.

You do get temporary relief from your symptoms … but they treat the symptom, not the cause. Using them, however, is illegally to damage your health.

Some doctors prescribe H2 blockers (more properly called histamine H2-receptor antagonists) such as Zantac®, Tagamet® and Gertac®. These medications block the action of histamine, which normally stimulates the secret of stomach acid. Personally, I have found that Gertac®, which contains ranitidine, to be very effective in reducing GORD.

Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as Nexium, Prilosec and Prevacid, also block the production of stomach acid. These drugs target the last stage in the production of stomach acid and the blockage is irreversible. These drugs are significantly more effective than H2 blockers and reduce the secretion of gastric acid by up to 99%.

With more than 100 million prescriptions written for these three medicines every year, Big Pharma makes a cool US $ 14 billion a year on just these drugs. Many professional organizations recommend that people take the lowest effective PPI dose to achieve the desired therapeutic result when used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease long-term. In the USA, the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has advised that no more than three 14-day treatment courses should be used in one year.

For good reason … here is why blocking the production of stomach acid is not a smart thing to do:

Why you should NOT use proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs)

The parietal cells in your stomach secret the stomach acid used in the digestion process. The secretion of the acid is governed by proton pumps which provide energy for the process.

Proton-pump inhibitors prevent the proton pumps from working and so reduce the amount of acid produced by the parietal cells. This results in acid reflux (no acid, no reflux!).

The problem is that proton pumps are present in just about every cell in your body, not just the parietal cells in the stomach. These proton pump systems are necessary for the production of the energy used in a wide variety of your body's processes. Although this energy can be produced in several ways, without proton pumps them these processes could not work at their best.

While proton-pump inhibitors are designed to interact specifically with the proton-pumps in the parietal cells in your stomach, research suggests that it is likely that their effects are not limited to the specific acid producing cells of the stomach.

There are many other good reasons why you should not use proton-pump inhibitors:

(1) Stomach acid is a critical part of your immune system

PPIs reduce the acidity of your stomach. This is dangerous as certain harmful bacteria thrive in low-acid environments. Examples include H Pylori, which is a major cause of stomach and duodenal ulcers, gastritis and can even cause gastric cancer (according to a report in Drug Safety in 2003).

Several recent studies have shown that PPIs alter the micro-organisms in the gut by reducing its overall diversity. As a result, dangerous pathogens, such as Enterococcus, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli, tend to be more prevalent in the guts of PPI users.

As stomach pH becomes less acidic, many ingested microorganisms that get in through the mouth but which would normally be destroyed are able to make their way into the gut. Those who use acid blockers increase their chances of acquiring Clostridium difficile, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, Listeria, and pneumonia compared to persons using other medicines.

(2) PPIs impair the absorption of nutrients

Stomach acid is essential for the digestion and absorption of food, both macro- and micro-nutrients. Studies show that persons who use PPIs have an increased risk of vitamin and mineral deficiencies, including vitamin B12, vitamin C, calcium, iron, and magnesium.

Persons who use acid blockers can also end up with achlorhydria (a lack of stomach acid). This, combined with atrophic gastritis (stomach infection), allows bacteria, which compete with the host (you!) For the consumption of micronutrients such as vitamin B12, to flourish.

Studies have found an association between the use of PPIs and the total number of bone fractures in the elderly. The association was significant enough for the FDA in the USA to issue a warning in 2010. A more recent study has shown a similar association between PPI use and bone fractures in young adults.

3 PPIs damage the cardiovascular system

A study published in May 2016 found a link between proton-pump inhibitors and the premature aging of blood vessels, with the cells losing their ability to split into new cells.

Other recent studies indicate that PPI users have a significantly greater risk of heart attack compared to person using other antacid medicines.

PPIs reduce the production of nitric oxide, a nutrient that increases lung power, helps your heart pump blood and oxygen to your cells, and even helps with erectile function by allowing blood vessels to expand and relax when you are on the job.

PPIs also affect lysosomes. Those are acid-producing cells in your body that clear up unwanted debris. Without enough acid to remove the waste, the cells protecting your blood vessels age quickly. That can lead to a stroke, heart attack or kidney failure.

(4) PPIs harm the kidneys

Patients using PPIs were compared to patients using H2 blockers, another common antacid drug in a study published in 2016.

The study indicated that, over five years, the PPI users were 28% more likely to develop chronic kidney disease and 96% more likely to develop end-stage renal disease.

5 PPIs harm cognitive function

A study published in 2015 that assessed cognitive function in users of PPIs compared to controls found statistically significant impairment in visual memory, attention, executive function, and the working and planning function among the PPI users.

Another study in 2016 found that regular PPI users had a 44% increased risk of dementia compared to non-users.

Why this is so is not known. However, communication between brain cells requires the action of proton pumps. It may be that the proton pumps in the brain are affected by PPIs that target stomach acid.

(6) Rebound reflux

When your body senses a reduced production of stomach acid, it produces gastrin, a hormone that stimulates the secretion of gastric (stomach) acid by the parietal cells.

As a result, the individual parietal cells expand in size. Larger parietal cells have more proton pumps and can produce larger amounts of stomach acid. An overproduction of stomach acid caused by PPIs is called rebound hyper-secretion.

Rebound hyper-secretion investigates why getting off PPI therapy is so difficult once you start using them … long-term use fundamentally changes the physiology of stomach cells.

The basic problem with PPIs is that they treat the symptoms of a condition (the production of acid that flows back up the oesophagus) rather than the underlying cause (a weakness in the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES)).

There are two main approaches you can take to dealing with chronic heartburn that focus on the underlying causes:

  • Heartburn avoidance techniques
  • Natural remedies for heartburn

How to avoid heartburn

Here are some simple ways you can prevent heartburn:

  • Eat smaller meals … this makes digestion easier and reduces the pressure in your stomach that causes reflux.
  • Eat slowly … digestion starts in the mouth and chewing your food thoroughly reduces the likelihood of reflux.
  • Avoid tight clothes … tight clothes can put pressure on your stomach, pushing food back up into your oesophagus.
  • Do not smoke … smoking irritates the membranes of the throat and oesophagus. Nicotine also weakens the oesophageal valve, allowing stomach acid to come up to your throat.
  • Avoid certain foods … chocolate, tomatoes, fatty or fried foods, fatty meats (choose lean cuts), synthetic dressings (use olive oil), spicy sauces (choose mild or avoid), alcohol, cola and other sodas as well as caffeine are all contributors to LES malfunction.
  • Avoid certain spices … hot spices as used in curries and other hot Eastern foods, as well as cinnamon, can irritate your stomach and oesophagus causing pressure that forces acid back up through the LES.
  • Avoid peppermint tea … as it tends to relax the LES and allow acid to flow back up the oesophagus.
  • Raise the back of your bed … use short planks of wood between the legs of the bed and the floor to raise the pillow-end 4 to 6 inches higher than the foot-end; by sleeping with your head lightly higher than your feet you will be using gravity to reduce the chances of stomach acid flowing back up to your throat … this really does work in my experience.

People who take these simple steps to prevent acid reflux experience fewer and milder bouts of acid reflux.

Natural remedies for heartburn

There are several natural remedies for heartburn that actually work:

  • D-limonene
  • Magnesium
  • Ginger
  • Baking soda

Some of these 'cure' acid reflux for a time at least if not permanently. Others provide temporary but effective relief.

D-limonene

D-limonene is an extract from orange peel which is safe to use as a food additive or supplement.

Research at WRC Laboratories in the USA indicates that a daily intake of one 1000mg capsule of d-limonene every second day for 20 days reduces or eliminates acid reflux in most people for at least six months. This is supported by anecdotal evidence among researchers and further research that has yet to be published.

D-limonene is a cell rejuvenator yet scientists do not know why it is so effective. Researchers have speculated, however, that as d-limonene is lighter than water, it floats to the surface of the gastric juices in your stomach.

The minor burping you experience with d-limonene causes it to be transported directly into the oesophagus. By coating the oesophagus, d-limonene may protect it against the caustic contents that are regurgitated during acid reflux. This would help heal and strengthen the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES) and heal erosion in the oesophagus.

It is also thought that d-limonene may promote quicker movement of food and gastric juices out of the stomach so that these oesophageal irritants promote less reflux.

Scientists also suggest that d-limonene may provide a barrier in the oesophagus and stomach against bacterial infection, such as helicobacter pylori, which are ingested in food or water. H pylori attack the lining of the stomach often causing ulcers and even stomach cancers.

The generally accepted opinion (or shrewd marketing) suggests that the best d-limonene, which is available in health food stores, is the Jarrow Formulas D-Limonene.

I recently took a 1000mg capsule of the Jarrow Formulas D-Limonene (sourced online through Amazon) each day for 30 days. There were no side-effects and it appeared to have cured my acid reflux.

Magnesium

Magnesium is a calming and relaxing mineral. It is an ingredient in several antacids.

This mineral helps your LES to relax so that it can close properly, thus preventing the backflow of stomach acid that causes heartburn.

Magnesium chloride is absorbed better than other compounds of magnesium and is thus more likely to be effective in relieving your heartburn.

Take 450 to 500mg once or twice a day to see if it helps. Each dose should contain about 150mg of magnesium and about 350mg of chloride.

Ginger

Ginger is prized for its health-giving qualities in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and the Caribbean. Most of the health benefits of ginger are in the woody root of the plant, the rhizome.

Ginger is absolutely loaded with antioxidants. It has antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant and anti-parasitic properties. It can relieve the discomfort of heartburn without side-effects.

Fresh ginger is best, though you can use dried ginger. When buying ginger root, make sure it feels firm and fresh. Fresh ginger, provided it is unpeeled, can be stored in a refrigerator for up to three weeks or in a freezer for up to six months.

You can peel ginger with a paring knife and add it to cooked dishes, mix it into a stir-fry or drop it into homemade chicken soup. But taking it as a supplement is not recommended as the ginger in capsules is not easily absorbed or used by your body.

In Uganda, doctors and herbalists use ginger tea to treat heartburn. The root's anti-inflammatory properties speed up the digestive process, preventing the build-up of gas, and helping to regulate bile and gastric juices.

Adding a simple ginger tea to your daily diet will tighten your LES and help prevent the backflow of acid from your stomach according to a report by the Thai Medical Association in 2010.

Here's an easy recipe:

  • Remove the skin from a piece of fresh ginger root and chop it into small pieces or slices
  • Fill a small pot with two cups of water and boil
  • Add the ginger and cover.
  • Let it simmer for about 10 minutes
  • Strain the tea

You can drink it hot or cold. You could try adding a pinch of cinnamon to boost the flavor.

I make a batch twice a week, store it in the refrigerator and drink a chilled glass first thing in the morning.

Bicarbonate of soda

Sodium bicarbonate, aka baking soda, offers a very quick remedy when you are having an attack of acid reflux.

Just mix a flat teaspoon of baking soda into a glass of water, stir and wait for it to dissolve and then drink it down. Relief will be fairly immediately.

Baking soda works because it contains bicarbonate which neutralises the acid in your stomach.

This is not a permanent solution for chronic heartburn. But it works a dream for a quick fix and there are no side effects.

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Type 2 Diabetes and Healthy Living – The Health Benefits Of Fasting

When someone says the word “fasting” to you, do you automatically cringe? Like, how could you fast? Well, do not be so quick to assume this mindset. Fasting has done on by storm as more and more people are adopting an intermittent fast approach.

When we talk about fast here, we are not referring to fasting for days on end. It is merely fasting for up to 16 hours a day of which half you will be sleeping and then eating in an 8-hour window. It has been demonstrated eating in this manner can not only help boost weight loss success but may also contribute to increasing health as well.

Here are some of the critical benefits of knowing about intermittent fasting …

1. Improved Heart Health. If heart health is a concern for you, intermittent fast can help. This diet plan protocol helps to …

  • reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or “bad” cholesterol,
  • improve triglyceride levels, and may
  • also, lower your risk of heart attack and stroke.

Too many people are falling prey to heart disease these days, it is vital we do all we can to protect our heart health. While fasting has some protective mechanisms, it is also wise to eat healthy foods with this approach.

2. Enhanced Growth Hormone Release. Next, you have enhanced growth hormone release. When you fast, your body will be releasing more of the hormone that …

  • helps to prevent aging,
  • helps assist with forming a leaner body composition, and may also
  • assist to promote stronger bones as well.

As we get older, our natural release of growth hormone tends to decline, so intermittent fast can be one way to help offset this. You may not be able to bring your levels back up to what they were when you were in your 20's or 30's, but it can make a difference.

3. Greater Longevity. Those who fast regularly also show signs of greater longevity. Intermittent fast can help with cellular repair and maintenance, meaning it could help your tissues survive better and keep regenerating as they should. So, in turn, intermittent fast may boost the number of years you will live.

Current research done on rat popings shows those who fast every other day may live up to 84% longer than those who do not.

4. Improved Insulin Sensitivity. Finally, improved insulin sensitivity is the last benefit you can look forward to if you choose to do intermittent fasting. Improving insulin sensitivity can go a long way towards helping better manage Type 2 diabetes and blood sugar levels. Also, there should also be a decrease in your total body fat mass.

We are seeing rates of insulin resistance skyrocket in today's society, so this is an excellent way to combat that issue.

There you have a few of the different benefits intermittent fast provides. As you can see, it is one diet plan you will want to consider.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Preventing Health Problems After Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-related diabetes puts women at risk for developing diabetes in the years ahead. Studies show a seven to tenfold elevated risk for Type 2 diabetes within ten years after the pregnant woman wave birth. Scientists at the Queen's University in Belfast and several other research institutions in Ireland found a formal professional support program helped women with weight loss after having Gestational diabetes.

In May of 2018, the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism reported on the results of the intervening program over a six month period. The interventions considered of …

  • a one hour lecture,
  • a referral to a commercial weight management organization,
  • a pedometer, and
  • telephone and text support,

over and above the usual care. A total of 29 women received the interventions while 31 were given the “usual” attention only. The intervenional group lost an average of 3.9 kg, while the participants receiving the “usual” care averaged only 0.7 kg weight loss. The interventional group also reported less pain than the “usual” care group.

From the above results, the researchers concluded the intervention was successful and could likely help to prevent Type 2 diabetes after the mother had developed diabetes during her pregnancy.

But how does having Gestational diabetes raise the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes? One possibility has to do with bacteria in the digestive system. In May of 2018, the journal Microbiome reported on a study from the University of Copenhagen, Novo Nordisk Pharmaceuticals, and various other research institutions in Denmark. They compared …

  • 50 women who had been diagnosed with diabetes during their pregnancy, with
  • 157 healthy pregnant women

in their last three months of pregnancy and again eight months after giving birth …

  • the women with Gestational diabetes had abnormal levels of several species of bacteria both during pregnancy and eight months later.
  • the women with healthy blood sugar levels had the species of bacteria typically seen in the human gut, and in the same proportions customarily found.

Abnormalities observed in the stomach of the women who had gestational diabetes were similar to what is often seen in people who had Type 2 diabetes. Some species of bacteria were linked to higher insulin resistance, the cause of Type 2 diabetes. Others were linked with higher blood sugar levels.

Someday it might be possible to prevent pregnant women developing diabetes and Type 2 diabetes by manipulating gut microbes. In the meantime …

  • weight control,
  • a healthy diet, and
  • a reasonable amount of physical activity

are the mains of prevention of Type 2 diabetes and much of what else ails us.

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Type 2 Diabetes and Healthy Eating – Pledge to Yourself to Eat, Drink and Be Mindful

Sometimes the best way to hold ourselves accountable for making a healthy change is to create a pledge. A “mindful eating pledge” should include the promise to yourself you will make an effort to change one habit you know is holding you back from becoming a healthier person. Your pledge could be …

  • to chew your food more before swallowing, or
  • focusing on your feelings when you eat.

Whatever you choose to work on, here is why pledging is essential …

  • by pledging to yourself, you are making a statement that says you are important and your needs should not be ignored. Most of us rarely take time out of our day to work on our connection with food. But This could quickly be done at any meal or anytime you feel the need to sort out your feelings: like on the way home from a stressful day at work.
  • establishing a relationship between your emotions and food decisions could have an impact on critical health factors, such as stress and obesity. If you pledge to slow down when you eat, maybe you will find you do not need as much food as you have been eating to satisfy your hunger.

Your pledge could be a promise to work on reversing or preventing a chronic health condition, such as Type 2 diabetes. Mindful eating works to seek out any negative emotions before you choose to eat. It also asks you to think about what you are eating and why. So before you tell yourself you deserve the unhealthy food item because you had a bad day, think about why you had a bad day and understood eating unhealthy food will not help. If every person who has ever used food as comfort, soothes their feelings using methods other than food, they would be healthier and happier.

A promise to yourself is an important event. Even if you keep it to yourself, it should not be broken. You would not think of breaking a promise to a friend, so do not think it is okay to let yourself down …

  • your pledge could be to choose foods that are more nourishing to your body, or
  • maybe you pledge to stop counting calories and listen to your body more.

Write your pledge down and use it as motivation or post it on Facebook and have your friends hold you accountable. Be mindful of each and every bite you take, eat with purpose, and make sure you are fully focused on your food choices before you decide to eat.

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Type 2 Diabetes – Feel the Difference When You Commit to Dedicated Exercise

Becoming physically active is a lifestyle choice to help people with Type 2 diabetes lower and control their blood sugar. Physical activity has long been recognized as a key to good health and well-being. But, for the moment, forget everything you have been told about fitness and working out. There is just too much poor information out there, and it is safe to say not everything you know about the topic is correct. We would like to present you with a simple idea. When executed right, it can yield generous results …

You should aim to exercise three times a week. Three times a week! Why not four, or five, some people will say. Three times is not enough! It is true doing three workouts a week means on most days of the week, you are not actively exercising. So what? Who says four, or five workouts are the way to go?

Remember: forget everything you have been told for now. Let us absorb three workouts a week is the only recommendation you have ever had and it sounds perfectly fine to you. This is a frequency to ensure you are sufficiently active. As long as you are exercising for at least 40 minutes each time at a moderate intensity, you are doing most of the activity your body requires.

Many studies suggest at least 150 minutes of light intensity exercise a week is needed to maintain good health. With most of that done through your three workouts, all you have left is to guarantee you are not entirely sedentary during the rest of your free time. Even work in and around the house counts as activity.

Commit to dedicated exercise. More importantly, you need to focus on what counts as dedicated exercise. As much as a shopping trip to the mall counts as walking activity, it is not dedicated exercise. Dedicated exercise is going for a walk in the evening, every evening. It is going to the gym for a fitness class or lifting weights.

It should not be too hard to make the time for exercising three times a week. Excuses as: do you have anything better to do? Once your necessities are taken care of, is it a better use of your time to watch TV than to workout on a few of your evenings? If evenings do not work, get your exercise routine out of the way early. Get up and exercise before work.

Moreover, remember, three days a week for dedicated exercise is all you need. For good health and all it includes …

  • more energy,
  • better moods,
  • disease prevention, and
  • a longer, more fulfilling life.

After beginning your physically active lifestyle, you should feel some improvement. Your blood sugar levels should start to fall, and you should feel more energetic and less fatigued.

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